Journal of Engineering / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Electricity Sector Using Smart Electric Grid Applications

Table 2

Comparison of different renewable power plants (2009).

HydroelectricPhotovoltaicSolar-thermalWind farms

Electricity generation (TWhr)3,288121219
% of total generation16.2%0.06%0.005%1.1%
LimitationsImplemented only at rivers or water fallsLow output power, depends on sun shiningSun trackers require complex controllersWind speed must be 20 km/hr, noisy

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