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Journal of Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 1375493, 6 pages
Research Article

Maximizing the Sustainability of Cement Utilization in Building Projects through the Use of Greener Materials

1CSIR-Building and Road Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana
2University of Education, Winneba, Kumasi Campus, Kumasi, Ghana
3Civil Engineering Department, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana

Received 4 November 2015; Accepted 27 December 2015

Academic Editor: İlker Bekir Topçu

Copyright © 2016 Mark Bediako et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Greener technologies and sustainable developments are currently among the main tools used by many industries in shaping the world for a better future. The construction industry that is known to have numerous negative impact on sustainability is now wide awake on sustainable measures which can aid in reducing its negative impact. In this work, green cement was produced from pyroprocessed clay (PC) at 800°C and mixed together with Portland cement. This paper presents both laboratory tests and some field applications of green cement application. Laboratory tests performed included setting times, compressive strength, and shrinkage. Field applications of the green cement are shown. Results from the work showed that well-proportioned greener cement gained strengths between 11% and 30% more than Portland cement at standard curing period of 3, 7, 14, and 28 days. However, in real statistical terms, there was no difference between Portland cement and green cement strength performance. Shrinkage from both total and autogenous tests also showed insignificant differences between the two cements. The study recommends the use of green cements with pozzolanic origin than only Portland cement as a way to maximize sustainability in building projects.