Journal of Engineering / 2016 / Article / Tab 11

Research Article

Sediment and Cavitation Erosion Studies through Dam Tunnels

Table 11

Volume fraction of water vapors and volume fraction gradient in Tunnel 2 under various head conditions.

HeadMain bendMain branchOutlet branches
Out1~Out6
Max. water vapor volume fraction gradient (m−1)Max. volume fraction of water vapors

Volume fraction of water vapors and volume fraction gradient
High0.750.980.981.7290.980
Medium0.730.970.971.7920.977
Low0.720.960.961.7640.967

Euler or cavitation numbers
High0.090.240.13
Medium0.431.110.63
Low0.411.230.36

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