Journal of Engineering / 2016 / Article / Tab 12

Research Article

Sediment and Cavitation Erosion Studies through Dam Tunnels

Table 12

Volume fraction of water vapors, volume fraction gradient, and Euler or cavitation numbers in Tunnel 3 under various head conditions.

Head S1 S2Out1Out2Out3Out4Max. water vapor volume fraction gradient (m−1)Max. volume fraction of water vapor

Volume fraction of water vapors and volume fraction gradient
High0.950.950.480.820.820.971.7460.971
Medium0.860.950.910.730.760.951.9160.958
Low0.870.720.670.450.570.741.4160.906

Euler or cavitation numbers
High0.861.090.410.390.510.96
Medium0.971.120.490.680.801.12
Low1.091.380.691.001.882.40

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