Journal of Engineering / 2020 / Article / Tab 12

Review Article

Industry 4.0 Disruption and Its Neologisms in Major Industrial Sectors: A State of the Art

Table 12

Industry 4.0 technology applications in logistics.

S/NTechnologyApplicationsReferences

13D printingWCOA: mass customization (individualized direct product manufacturing), localized manufacturing and delivery, mass individualization and personalization, decentralized manufacturing.[436, 593599]
LAFM: on-demand spare parts’ making, end-of-runway service.[595, 596, 599601]
DD: 3D print shops for business and consumers, decentralized production of parts (regional warehouses, delivery depot of logistics service providers).[595, 602]

2AIWCOA: smart warehousing environment, back-office automation, predicting inbound logistics, intelligent logistics assets (seeing, speaking, and thinking logistics assets), and recognition of reverse logistics.[537, 596, 603609]
COP: new customer experience models (seamless, voice-enabled customer interactions). AI-powered customer experience.[596, 605]
FPR: simulation and optimization of supply chain operations (eliminating bottleneck), supply chain management decision support, resilience supplier selection, and decision-making.[606, 608615]
LAFM: predictive maintenance to prescriptive maintenance of logistics equipment, trucks, buildings, and machines.[609, 616]

3ARWCOA: AR-powered warehouse operations (product routing, picking, packing, labelling, sorting, and even assembling).[596, 617619]
FPR: facility planning (displays task information, reads barcodes, and supports indoor navigation and can be integrated into warehouse management systems for real-time operations).[596, 619, 620]
DRO: safer and smarter driving (next generation of navigation and driver-assistance systems).[596, 618, 620]
PFM: procurement.[621]
DD: intelligent last-mile operations (AR can help in last-meter navigation to correctly locate entrances), freight/container loading (conduct completeness checks of each shipment using object-recognition technology, utilized to virtually highlight inside a vehicle to display the optimal internal loading sequence of each shipment (taking into account route, weight, fragility, etc.)).[596, 619621]
COP: creating a new standard of order picking (picking optimization).[596, 618620, 622]
LAFM: predictive and prescriptive maintenance of warehousing robots, delivery truck, cargo aircraft, and other equipment.[618, 621]

4Big dataDRO: dynamic, real-time route optimization, optimization of material and product transportation routing.[46, 596]
FPR: smarter forecasting of demand, capacity, and labor. Anticipatory shipping (to predict an order before it occurs), inventory control and logistic planning, supply chain statistics, supply chain simulation, supply chain forecasting, logistics optimization, supply chain network design, learning from customer assessment, decision on the supply chain infrastructure, and product recovery decisions.[596, 623629]
EMM: end-to-end supply chain risk management (detecting, evaluating, and alerting all potential disruptions on key trade lanes, caused by unexpected events such as growing port congestion or high flood risks).[596]
PFM: procurement management.[625]
LAFM: utility and maintenance aspects.[628]
TFDP: fraud detection, smart contracts.[630]

5BlockchainMTT: end-to-end status tracking (orders, receipts, invoices, payments, and any other official document), track digital assets (such as warranties, certifications, copyrights, licenses, serial numbers, and bar codes) in a unified way and in parallel with physical assets, and freight tracking.[596, 631650]
TFDP: smart contract for automating commercial processes or supply chain orchestration, immutability (ensures the records’ originality and authenticity), anticorruption and humanitarian operations, trust, security, trust and fraud detection, trusting load board.[596, 630, 634636, 640, 641, 643, 644, 647, 649651]
PFM: finance (remittances and online payments), serve as a base for bitcoin cryptocurrency, invoice and payment management (transaction automatization), smart billing, decentralized transaction, trade finance.[630, 638, 641, 642, 644648, 651, 652]
DD: last-mile delivery by connectivity with drones, fresh food delivery.[630, 653]
FPR: demand forecasting, supply chain visibility, supply chain visualization and tokenization.[644, 645, 648, 650, 651, 653]

6Cloud computingMTT: logistics tracking information management system to support whole-ranged and real-time logistics tracking services.[596, 654, 655]
FPR: 360-degree management dashboards (coordination and orchestration of logistic information into one integrated view), port logistics service and supply chain optimization, internet-based supply chain forecasting and planning, supplier network logistics planning and manufacturing service composition (configured cloud entropy of logistics and operation suppliers).[596, 655661]
DRO: cloud-powered global supply chains virtualize information and material flows by moving all supply chain processes into the cloud[596, 656]
PFM: cloud-based procurement (sourcing and procurement).[655, 660662]

7DronesWCOA: warehouse inventory checks, fully autonomous indoor cycle counting with drones, inventory counts (audits), and real-time inventory management.[139, 140, 596, 663, 664]
DD: intraplant transport and urgent supplier-to-plant spare parts’ delivery as well as to ferry products from back rooms to the sales floor, last-mile deliveries, remote delivery and disaster response, deliver small packages between warehouses.[140, 596, 665673]
LAFM: surveillance of infrastructure (check the condition of industrial buildings and inspect trade lines for damage or the need for maintenance work. Additionally, assets can be monitored for theft prevention at warehouses and yards).[140, 596, 664, 674]
DRO: analysis of the traffic parameter.[675]

8IoTMTT: intelligent identification, monitoring and management of the intelligent network system, cold chain traceability, tracking and remote monitoring of equipment, identifying and locating critical pieces of cargo at each stage in an operation, smart cargo solutions, and asset tracking, tracking and monitoring of stock level.[92, 596, 676682]
DRO: intelligent transportation solutions (in-vehicle telematics)[596]
DD: connected consumer and the proliferation of smart homes (e.g., smart locks) (secured in-home delivery services).[596]
FPR: IoT-enabled logistics and supply chain management (IoT-based laundry services for real-time scheduling), supply chain (end-to-end) visibility, managing supply chain risk, optimization, and prediction.[680688]
EMM: IoT-enabled smart indoor parking system for industrial hazardous chemical vehicles, IoT-enabled solutions monitor perishable cargo for temperature, humidity, and other environmental factors, and humanitarian assistance disaster response scenario.[680, 688690]
WCOA: warehouse and yard management system (IoT-controlled safe area), inventory management.[677, 691]
COP: IoT-based safety interaction mechanisms for storage and picking.[678, 680]
LAFM: condition-based maintenance of equipment (fleet management).[680]
TFDP: theft prevention, after-sale service, and warranty validation.[692]

9NanotechnologyMTT: nanochip RFID labels for tracking.[693, 694]
LAFM: nano-based coatings to handle biofouling and corrosion, nano-based materials for the enhancement of strength of marine vehicles, and efficient and durable nano-based tires for trucks.[54]

10RoboticsWCOA: flexible automation in warehousing and fulfillment (picking, packing, palletizing, and sorting), stationary-mobile piece-picking robots, receiving, replenishment, shipping, robots for autonomously supply workstations, keep control over inventory.[46, 596, 695702]
DD: transportation and loading tasks, autonomous kitting, trailer and container unloading robots (equipped with powerful sensors and grippers to locate single parcels, analyze their size and shape, and determine the optimal unloading sequence), assistance robots for local or home delivery (follow delivery personnel to transport heavy items, presort shipments inside delivery vehicles, and autonomously deliver shipments to dedicated collection points), last-mile delivery, and distribution centres.[596, 697, 699, 702]
LAFM: perform maintenance.[699]
COP: innovation in order fulfillment with human-robot collaboration.[596]

11SimulationDRO: evaluation and assessment of road transport.[703]
FPR: analysis of supply chain activities, supply chain management optimization and logistics cost control, design and implementation of reverse logistics networks, planning and monitoring of fourth-party logistic (4PL) process.[598, 704710]
DD: define an optimal distribution cost for products shipped to wholesale customers.[711, 712]
WCOA: flow- oriented models of inventory control systems.[713]

12Synthetic biologyDD: biofuels for trucks and ships’ vessel.[714, 715]
MTT: biosensors, biosafety, and biosecurity.[716, 717]

WCOA: warehouse capacity optimization and automation, LAFM: logistics assets and facility maintenance, DD: delivery and distribution, COP: customer order picking, FPR: forecasting, planning and reporting, DRO: dynamic route optimization, PFM: procurement and financial management, TFDP: threat and fraud detection and prevention, MTT: monitoring, tracking and traceability, EMM: environment monitoring and management, and RFID: radio frequency identification.

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