Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering / 2013 / Article / Fig 5

Research Article

Modeling, Analysis, and Experimental Validation of Frequency Dividers with Direct Injection

Figure 5

Nonlinear characteristic of the locally active two-terminal sub-circuit, shown in Figure 3(a) with . Measurements are obtained using integrated circuits ST HCF4007UB and the testing circuit in Figure 4. Approximate model is obtained using a cubic polynomial with and .