Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 190586, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/190586
Research Article

Energy-Aware Base Stations: The Effect of Planning, Management, and Femto Layers

1Computer Engineering and Telecommunications, University of Thessaly, 38221 Volos, Greece
2School of Science and Technology, International Hellenic University, Thermi, Greece
3DIET Department, University of Roma-La Sapienza, Via Eudossiana 18, Rome, Italy
4Mobile Communications Department, Eurecom, Sophia Antipolis, 450 Route des Chappes, 06410 Biot, France
5Telecommunication Networks Group, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy

Received 21 October 2013; Accepted 3 January 2014; Published 30 March 2014

Academic Editor: Vincenzo Eramo

Copyright © 2014 G. Koutitas et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. W. Stark, H. Wang, A. Worthen, S. Lafortune, and D. Teneketzis, “Low-energy wireless communication network design,” IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 60–72, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype et al., “Power consumption in telecommunication networks: overview and reduction strategies,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 49, pp. 62–69, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  3. 3GPP TR 32.826 v2.0.0 (2010-03), Study on Energy Savings Management (ESM), Release 9, 2010.
  4. 3GPP TR 36.902, E-UTRAN, Self-configuration and self-optimizing network use cases and solutions, (Rel 9), October 2009.
  5. A. P. Bianzino, C. Chaudet, D. Rossi, and J.-L. Rougier, “A survey of green networking research,” IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 3–20, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Gupta and S. Singh, “Greening of the Internet,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Applications, Technologies, Architectures, and Protocols for Computer Communications (SIGCOMM '03), August 2003.
  7. L. Chiaraviglio, D. Ciullo, M. Meo, and M. A. Marsan, “Energy-efficient management of UMTS access networks,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Teletraffic Congress (ITC '09), Paris, France, September 2009. View at Scopus
  8. L. Chiaraviglio, D. Ciullo, G. Koutitas, M. Meo, and L. Tassiulas, “Energy-efficient planning and management of cellular networks,” in Proceedings of the 9th Annual Conference on Wireless On-Demand Network Systems and Services (WONS '12), pp. 159–166, January 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Kokkinogenis and G. Koutitas, “Dynamic and static base station management schemes for cellular networks,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM '12), Aneheim, Calif, USA, 2012.
  10. K. Samdanis, D. Kutscher, and M. Brunner, “Self-organized energy efficient cellular networks,” in Proceedings of the 21st IEEE International Symposium on Personal Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC '10), pp. 1665–1670, September 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. Peng, S. B. Lee, S. Lu, H. Luo, and H. Li, “Traffic-driven power saving in operational 3G cellular networks,” in Proceedings of the 17th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (MobiCom '11), Las Vegas, Nev, USA, September 2011.
  12. E. Oh, B. Krishnamachari, X. Liu, and Z. Niu, “Toward dynamic energy-efficient operation of cellular network infrastructure,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 56–61, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Z. Niu, Y. Wu, J. Gong, and Z. Yang, “Cell zooming for cost-efficient green cellular networks,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 48, no. 11, pp. 74–79, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Ismail and W. Zhuang, “Network cooperation for energy saving in green radio communications,” IEEE Wireless Communications, pp. 76–81, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  15. M. Ajmone Marsan and M. Meo, “Energy efficient wireless Internet access with cooperative cellular networks,” Computer Networks, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 386–398, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. F. Richter, A. Fehske, P. Marsch, and G. Fettweis, “Traffic demand and energy efficiency in Heterogeneous cellular mobile radio networks,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Wireless Communications (VTC '10), pp. 1–6, May 2010.
  17. K. Dufkova, M. Popovic, R. Khalili, J. V. Le Boudec, M. Bjelica, and L. Kencl, “Energy consumption comparison between macro-micro and public femto deployment in a plausible LTE network,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Energy-Efficient Computing and Networking, New York, NY, USA, 2011.
  18. G. Koutitas, A. Karousos, and L. Tassiulas, “Deployment strategies and energy efficiency of cellular networks,” IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 2552–2563, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  19. J. Lorincz, A. Capone, and D. Begusic, “Impact of service rates and base station switching granularity on energy consumption of cellular networks,” EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, vol. 2012, article 342, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  20. S. Buzzi and D. Saturnino, “A game-theoretic approach to energy-efficient power control and receiver design in cognitive CDMA wireless networks,” IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Signal Processing, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 137–150, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. O. Arnold, F. Richter, G. Fettweis, and O. Blume, “Power consumption modeling of different base station types in heterogeneous cellular networks,” in Proceedings of the Future Network and Mobile Summit, Florence, Italy, June 2010. View at Scopus
  22. A. J. Fehske, F. Richter, and G. P. Fettweis, “Energy efficiency improvements through micro sites in cellular mobile radio networks,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Globecom Workshops (Gc Workshops '09), Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, December 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. G. Auer, V. Giannini, I. Gódor et al., “Cellular energy efficiency evaluation framework,” in Proceedings of the 73rd IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '11), May 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. Khirallah, J. S. Thompson, and H. Rashvand, “Energy and cost impacts of relay and femtocell deployments in long-term-evolution advanced,” IET Communications, vol. 5, no. 18, pp. 2617–2628, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. De Domenico, R. Gupta, and E. Calvanese Strinati, “Dynamic traffic management for green open access femtocell networks,” in Proceedings of the 75th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '12), pp. 1–6, May 2012.
  26. H.-F. Gerdees, UMTS Radio Network Planning: Mastering Cell Coupling for Capacity Optimization, Vieweg+Teubner Research, MRC, 2008.
  27. J. Zhang and G. de la Roche, Femtocells: Technologies and Deployment, John Wiley & Sons, 2010.
  28. J. M. Keenan and A. J. Motley, “Radio coverage in buildings,” British Telecom Technology Journal, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 19–24, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. 3GPP TSG-RAN WG4 #44-bis, “HNB and HNB-macro propagation models,” 3GPP Report, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  30. J. Lorincz, T. Garma, and G. Petrovic, “Measurements and modelling of base station power consumption under real traffic loads,” Sensors, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 4281–4310, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. I. Haratcherev, C. Balageas, and M. Fiorito, “Low consumption home femto base stations,” in Proceedings of the 20th IEEE Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications Symposium (PIMRC '09), pp. 1–5, September 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. G. Auer, V. Giannini, I. Godor et al., “Cellular energy efficiency evaluation framework,” in Proceedings of the 73rd IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '11), 2011.
  33. M. Werner, M. Naden, P. Moberg et al., “Cost assessment of radio access network deployments with relay nodes,” in Proceedings of the IST Mobile and Wireless Communications Summit (IST '08), May 2008.
  34. International Energy Agency (IEA), “CO2 emissions from fuel combustion: Highlights,” Tech. Rep., 2009. View at Google Scholar