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Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 514291, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/514291
Research Article

The Spatial Distribution of Precipitation in Northwest China

1State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
2Lanzhou City University, Lanzhou 730070, China

Received 9 July 2014; Revised 12 August 2014; Accepted 13 August 2014; Published 1 September 2014

Academic Editor: Zhihua Zhang

Copyright © 2014 Chuancheng Zhao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Northwestern China has an extremely complex climate due to the varied terrain and complexities of climate change where the environment is sensitive to both regional and global climate change. We employed the Mann-Kendal test to investigate trends of precipitation distributions using annual, seasonal, and monthly data records from 1960 to 2008. On the whole, the variations in precipitation patterns are more complex than those for temperature. The trends of annual, seasonal, and monthly precipitation have shown remarkable differences between the east and west. In the west such as in northern Xinjiang and western Qinghai, the variation is a significant increase, consistent with the temperature change, whereas in the east such as in eastern Gansu, and southern Shaanxi, the variation is a remarkable decrease, opposite to the change observed in temperatures.