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Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 370615, 8 pages
Research Article

A Robust Watermarking Scheme Based on Maximum Wavelet Coefficient Modification and Optimal Threshold Technique

School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Zhongyuan University of Technology, Zhengzhou 450007, China

Received 15 April 2015; Revised 12 June 2015; Accepted 16 July 2015

Academic Editor: René Cumplido

Copyright © 2015 Chunlei Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Digital watermarking has received extensive attention as a new method for copyright protection. This paper proposes a robust watermarking algorithm based on maximum wavelet coefficient modification and optimal threshold technique. The medium wavelet coefficients are randomly permutated according to a secret key and divided into subgroups. We modify the maximum wavelet in each subgroup according to the embedded watermark bits, which can effectively resist attacks. During the extraction process, an optimal threshold value calculated by iterative computation is used to extract the watermark from the watermarked image under different attacks, without using the original image or watermark. Numerous experiments are conducted to evaluate the watermarking performance. Experimental results demonstrate the superiority of our scheme on robustness against content-preserving operations and incidental distortions such as JPEG compression, Gaussian noise, median filter, resizing, cropping, and sharpening.