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Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 459285, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/459285
Research Article

A Novel Directionlet-Based Image Denoising Method Using MMSE Estimator and Laplacian Mixture Distribution

School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Anhui University, Hefei 230601, China

Received 1 October 2014; Revised 29 December 2014; Accepted 23 February 2015

Academic Editor: Igor Djurović

Copyright © 2015 Yixiang Lu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A novel method based on directionlet transform is proposed for image denoising under Bayesian framework. In order to achieve noise removal, the directionlet coefficients of the uncorrupted image are modeled independently and identically by a two-state Laplacian mixture model with zero mean. The expectation-maximization algorithm is used to estimate the parameters that characterize the assumed prior model. Within the framework of Bayesian theory, the directionlet coefficients of noise-free image are estimated by a nonlinear shrinkage function based on weighted average of the minimum mean square error estimator. We demonstrate through simulations with images contaminated by additive white Gaussian noise that the proposed method is very competitive when compared with other methods in terms of both peak signal-to-noise ratio and visual quality.