Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 736267, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/736267
Research Article

Maximum Likelihood Sequence Detection Receivers for Nonlinear Optical Channels

1Laboratorio de Comunicaciones Digitales, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, CONICET, Avenida Vélez Sarsfield 1611, Córdoba X5016GCA, Argentina
2ClariPhy Communications, Inc., 7585 Irvine Center Drive, Suite 100, Irvine, CA 92618, USA

Received 25 July 2014; Revised 12 November 2014; Accepted 14 January 2015

Academic Editor: Martin Haardt

Copyright © 2015 Gabriel N. Maggio et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Benedetto and E. Biglieri, Principles of Digital Transmission with Wireless Applications, Kluwer Academic, 1999.
  2. A. Vannucci and R. Raheli, “Sequence detection in nonlinear channels: a convenient alternative to analog predistortion,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 50, no. 9, pp. 1515–1524, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. F. Mesiya, P. J. M. Lane, and L. L. Campbell, “Maximum likelihood sequence estimation of binary sequences transmitted over bandlimited nonlinear channels,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 633–643, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. V. K. Dubey and D. P. Taylor, “Maximum likelihood sequence detection for QPSK on nonlinear, band-limited channels,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 1225–1235, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. T. E. Stern, “Viterbi algorithm receivers for nonlinear satellite channels,” in Proceedings of the 11th Asilomar Conference on Circuits, Systems and Computers, Conference Record, pp. 219–224, IEEE, November 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. O. E. Agazzi and V. Gopinathan, “The impact of nonlinearity on electronic dispersion compensation of optical channels,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC '04), vol. 1, pp. 434–436, February 2004. View at Scopus
  7. Q. Yu and A. Shanbhag, “Electronic data processing for error and dispersion compensation,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 4514–4525, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. Xia and W. Rosenkranz, “Electrical dispersion compensation for different modulation formats with optical filtering,” in Proceedings of the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC '06), p. OWR2, March 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. C. Xia and W. Rosenkranz, “Nonlinear electrical equalization for different modulation formats with optical filtering,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 996–1001, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. Bosco and P. Poggiolini, “Long-distance effectiveness of MLSE IMDD receivers,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 18, no. 9, pp. 1037–1039, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. J. Savory, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey et al., “IMDD transmission over 1,040 km of standard single-mode fiber at 10 Gbit/s using a one-sample-per-bit reduced-complexity MLSE receiver,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC '07), March 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. O. E. Agazzi, M. R. Hueda, D. E. Crivelli et al., “A 90 nm CMOS DSP MLSD transceiver with integrated AFE for electronic dispersion compensation of multimode optical fibers at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 43, no. 12, pp. 2937–2957, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Kasturia and J. H. Winters, “Techniques for high-speed implementation of nonlinear cancellation,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 711–717, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. K. Parhi, “Pipelining in algorithms with quantizer loops,” IEEE transactions on circuits and systems, vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 745–754, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. K. Parhi and D. G. Messerschmitt, “Pipeline interleaving and parallelism in recursive digital filters I. Pipelining using scattered look-ahead and decomposition,” IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 1099–1117, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. O. E. Agazzi, M. R. Hueda, H. S. Carrer, and D. E. Crivelli, “Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation in dispersive optical channels,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 749–763, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu et al., “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition, March 2013.
  18. G. N. Maggio, M. R. Hueda, and O. E. Agazzi, “Reduced complexity MLSD receivers for nonlinear optical channels,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 398–401, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. R. Barry, E. A. Lee, and D. G. Messerschmitt, Digital Communications, KAP, 2004.
  20. O. Agazzi, D. G. Messerschmitt, and D. A. Hodges, “Nonlinear echo cancellation of data signals,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 2421–2433, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. W. Chung, “Channel estimation methods based on volterra kernels for MLSD in optical communication systems,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 224–226, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. P. J. Black and T. H.-Y. Meng, “A 1-Gb/s, four-state, sliding block Viterbi decoder,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 797–805, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. R. Hueda, D. E. Crivelli, and H. S. Carrer, “Performance of MLSE-based receivers in lightwave systems with nonlinear dispersion and amplified spontaneous emission noise,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM '04), vol. 1, pp. 299–303, November 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. H. S. Carrer, D. E. Crivelli, and M. R. Hueda, “Long-distance effectiveness of MLSE IMDD receivers,” Latin Amenican Applied Research, vol. 35, pp. 99–104, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  25. J. Prat, A. Napoli, J. M. Gene, M. Omella, P. Poggiolini, and V. Curri, “Square root strategy: a novel method to linearize an optical communication system with electronic equalizers,” in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC '05), vol. 3, pp. 713–714, September 2005.
  26. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 2007.
  27. M. R. Hueda, D. E. Crivelli, H. S. Carrer, and O. E. Agazzi, “Parametric estimation of IM/DD optical channels using new closed-form approximations of the signal PDF,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 957–975, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. O. E. Agazzi and N. Seshadri, “On the use of tentative decisions to cancel intersymbol interference and nonlinear distortion (with application to magnetic recording channels),” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 394–408, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. D. A. Morero, M. A. Castrillon, F. A. Ramos, T. A. Goette, O. E. Agazzi, and M. R. Hueda, “Non-concatenated FEC codes for ultra-high speed optical transport networks,” in Proceedings of the 54th Annual IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference: “Energizing Global Communications” (GLOBECOM '11), pp. 1–5, December 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. M. R. Motaghiannezam, J. Cho, D. Tauber et al., “Single chip 46 Gb/s DP-QPSK digital clock recovery and channel equalization performance in the presence of CD, PMD, and ultra-fast SOP rotation rates exceeding 20 krad/s,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC '13), pp. 1–3, Anaheim, Calif, USA, March 2013.
  31. D. Fritzsche, D. Breuer, L. Schurer, A. Ehrhardt, H. Oeruen, and C. G. Schaffer, “Experimental investigation of real time 10 Gbit/s MLSE equalizer using 4-states and 16-states Viterbi detector,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM '09), pp. 1–5, November 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. O. Agazzi, D. Crivelli, M. Hueda et al., “A 90nm CMOS DSP MLSD transceiver with integrated AFE for electronic dispersion compensation of multi-mode optical fibers at 10Gb/s,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC '08), pp. 232–609, IEEE, San Francisco, Calif, USA, February 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. T. Kupfer, C. Dorschky, M. Ene, and S. Langenbach, “Measurement of the performance of 16-states MLSE digital equalizer with different optical modulation formats,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC '08), p. PDP13, February 2008. View at Scopus