Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering / 2016 / Article / Tab 6

Research Article

Audio Watermarking Scheme Based on Singular Spectrum Analysis and Psychoacoustic Model with Self-Synchronization

Table 6

Overall average BERs (%): comparison of the conventional SVD-based method (SVD), SSA-based scheme (SSA), SSA-based scheme with the differential evolution (SSA.DE), proposed scheme without the automatic parameter estimation (Prop.), and proposed one with the automatic parameter estimation (Prop.APE).

Overall average BER

SVD [23]14.83
SSA [28] 2.57
SSA.DE [29] 4.50
Prop. 4.76
Prop.APE 6.78

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