Journal of Energy / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

A Kinetic Study of Marginal Soil Energy Plant Helianthus annuus Stalk Pyrolysis

Table 1

Proximate and component analysis of H. annuus stalk.

CharacteristicsH. annuus stalk

Proximate analysisa/wt%
 Moisture (Mar) 9.93 ± 0.46
 Ash (Aar) 4.08 ± 0.01
 Volatile matter (Var) 72.94 ± 0.42
 Fixed carbonb (FCar) 13.05
Component analysis/wt%
 Cellulose 21.13 ± 1.19
 Hemicellulose 14.81 ± 0.37
 Lignin 7.30 ± 1.52

aMass percentage on as-received basis; bcalculated by difference.