Journal of Energy / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

A Kinetic Study of Marginal Soil Energy Plant Helianthus annuus Stalk Pyrolysis

Table 3

Mass loss and average reaction rate at different stages of H. annuus stalk pyrolysis process.

StageHeating rate/°C min−1
5102030

IMLa6.67.17.06.5
ARb0.20.61.11.5

IIZ IcMLa23.323.221.018.1
ARb1.21.83.34.5
Z IIdMLa32.936.839.339.2
ARb2.43.77.814.2

IIIMLa16.113.311.613.0
ARb0.20.30.60.9

Final residual at 800° 21.119.621.023.2

aMass loss,%; bAverage reaction rate,%/min; cZone I; dZone II; eFinal residual at 800°C,%.