Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Energy
Volume 2014, Article ID 517574, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/517574
Research Article

Study of Light Harvesting Properties of Different Classes of Metal-Free Organic Dyes in TiO2 Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India

Received 15 May 2014; Revised 17 July 2014; Accepted 17 July 2014; Published 18 August 2014

Academic Editor: S. Venkata Mohan

Copyright © 2014 Ratna Chauhan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. O'Regan and M. Grätzel, “A low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 films,” Nature, vol. 353, no. 6346, pp. 737–740, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Z. Wang, F. Li, and C. Huang, “Highly efficient sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films with styryl benzothiazolium propylsalfonate,” Chemical Communications, no. 20, pp. 2063–2064, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. Sayama, K. Hara, N. Mori et al., “Photosensitization of a porous TiO2 electrode with merocyanine dyes containing a carboxyl group and a long alkyl chain,” Chemical Communications, no. 13, pp. 1173–1174, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. K. Nazeeruddin, P. Péchy, T. Renouard et al., “Engineering of efficient panchromatic sensitizers for nanocrystalline TiO2-based solar cells,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 123, no. 8, pp. 1613–1624, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Ehret, L. Stuhl, and M. T. Spitler, “Spectral sensitization of TiO2 nanocrystalline electrodes with aggregated cyanine dyes,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 105, no. 41, pp. 9960–9965, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh et al., “Molecular design of coumarin dyes for efficient dye-sensitized solar cells,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 597–606, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. T. Horiuchi, H. Miura, K. Sumioka, and S. Uchida, “High efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells based on metal-free indoline dyes,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 126, no. 39, pp. 12218–12219, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. K. Nazeeruddin, F. De Angelis, S. Fantacci et al., “Combined experimental and DFT-TDDFT computational study of photoelectrochemical cell ruthenium sensitizers,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 127, no. 48, pp. 16835–16847, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Velusamy, K. R. J. Thomas, J. T. Lin, Y. Hsu, and K. Ho, “Organic dyes incorporating low-band-gap chromophores for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Organic Letters, vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 1899–1902, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh et al., “Novel conjugated organic dyes for efficient dye-sensitized solar cells,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 246–252, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Kim, J. K. Lee, S. O. Kang et al., “Molecular engineering of organic sensitizers for solar cell applications,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 128, no. 51, pp. 16701–16707, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. X. Liu, Y. Luo, H. Li et al., “Room temperature fabrication of porous ZnO photoelectrodes for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chemical Communications, no. 27, pp. 2847–2849, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Tsai, Y. Hsu, J. T. Lin, H. Chen, and C. Hsu, “Organic dyes containing 1H-phenanthro[9,10-d]imidazole conjugation for solar cells,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 111, no. 50, pp. 18785–18793, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Liang, W. Xu, F. Cai et al., “New triphenylamine-based organic dyes for efficient dye-sensitized solar cells,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 111, no. 11, pp. 4465–4472, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. R. J. Thomas, Y. Hsu, J. T. Lin et al., “2,3-disubstituted thiophene-based organic dyes for solar cells,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 1830–1840, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Hagfeldt and M. Grätzel, “Light-induced redox reactions in nanocrystalline systems,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 95, pp. 49–68, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  17. H. O. Finklea, Semiconductor Electrodes, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1988.
  18. P. V. Kamat, “Photochemistry on nonreactive and reactive (semiconductor) surfaces,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 267–300, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. Mills and S. Le Hunte, “An overview of semiconductor photocatalysis,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, vol. 108, no. 1, pp. 1–35, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. K. Hara, T. Horiguchi, T. Kinoshita, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Highly efficient photon-to-electron conversion with mercurochrome-sensitized nanoporous oxide semiconductor solar cells,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 115–134, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. K. Hauffe and U. Bode, “Photosensitization of the charge transfer across ZnO interfaces by binary dye mixtures,” Faraday Discussions of the Chemical Society, vol. 58, pp. 281–291, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Nakao, K. Itoh, and K. Honda, “Optimization of the donor density of a semiconductor electrode for enhancement of the quantum yield of the dye-sensitized photocurrent,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 88, no. 21, pp. 4906–4907, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. Kay, R. Humphry-Baker, and M. Grätzel, “Artificial photosynthesis. 2. Investigations on the mechanism of photosensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 solar cells by chlorophyll derivatives,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, vol. 98, pp. 952–959, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  24. L. Bahadur and J. P. Pandey, “Photoelectrochemical studies of sprayed thin film n-ZnO/acetonitrile based photocell sensitized by rhodamine B,” Indian Journal of Chemical Technology, vol. 1, pp. 53–59, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  25. J. Ohlsson, H. Wolpher, A. Hagfeldt, and H. Grennberg, “New dyes for solar cells based on nanostructured semiconducting metal oxides. Synthesis and characterisation of ruthenium(II) complexes with thiol-substituted ligands,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, vol. 148, no. 1–3, pp. 41–48, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Grätzel, “Highly efficient nanocrystalline photovoltaic devices—charge transfer sensitizers based on ruthenium and osmium achieve outstanding performance,” Platinum Metals Review, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 151–159, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  27. L. Bahadur and L. Roy, “Characterization of [Fe(o-phen)3][Ni(CS3)2] as a photosensitizer for wide-band gap semiconductor (ZnO) electrodes in acetonitrile media,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology, A: Chemistry, vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 207–212, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. K. Nazeeruddin and M. Grätzel, “Separation of linkage isomers of trithiocyanato (4,4′,4′′-tricarboxy-2,2′,6,2′′-terpyridine)ruthenium(II) by pH-titration method and their application in nanocrystalline TiO2-based solar cells,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, vol. 145, no. 1-2, pp. 79–86, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. C. G. Garcia, A. K. Nakano, C. J. Kleverlaan, and N. Y. Murakami Iha, “Electron injection versus charge recombination in photoelectrochemical solar cells using cis-[(dcbH2)2Ru(CNpy)(H2O]Cl2 as a nanocrystalline TiO2 sensitizer,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, vol. 151, no. 1–3, pp. 165–170, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. Hagfeldt, G. Boschloo, L. Sun, L. Kloo, and H. Pettersson, “Dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 110, no. 11, pp. 6595–6663, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. A. Kumar, R. Chauhan, K. C. Molloy, G. Kociok-Köhn, L. Bahadur, and N. Singh, “Synthesis, structure and light-harvesting properties of some new transition-metal dithiocarbamates involving ferrocene,” Chemistry: A European Journal, vol. 16, no. 14, pp. 4307–4314, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus