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Journal of Energy
Volume 2016, Article ID 3161060, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3161060
Research Article

Power Consumption: Base Stations of Telecommunication in Sahel Zone of Cameroon: Typology Based on the Power Consumption—Model and Energy Savings

1Higher Institute of the Sahel, Department of Renewable Energy, University of Maroua, P.O. Box 46, Maroua, Cameroon
2National Advanced School of Engineering, Energy and Automatic Laboratory, University of Yaounde I, P.O. Box 8390, Yaounde, Cameroon
3Higher Institute of the Sahel, Department of Information and Telecommunication, University of Maroua, P.O. Box 46, Maroua, Cameroon
4Ecole Polytechnique Montreal, Polygrames Laboratory, P.O. Box 2500, Chemin Montreal, M6106, Canada H3T 1J4

Received 6 April 2016; Revised 31 May 2016; Accepted 1 June 2016

Academic Editor: Mattheos Santamouris

Copyright © 2016 Albert Ayang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In this paper, the work consists of categorizing telecommunication base stations (BTS) for the Sahel area of Cameroon according to their power consumption per month. It consists also of proposing a model of a power consumption and finally proceeding to energy audits in each type of base station in order to outline the possibilities of realizing energy savings. Three types of telecommunication base stations (BTS) are found in the Sahel area of Cameroon. The energy model takes into account power consumption of all equipment located in base stations (BTS). The energy audits showed that mismanagement of lighting systems, and of air-conditioning systems, and the type of buildings increased the power consumption of the base station. By applying energy savings techniques proposed for base stations (BTS) in the Sahel zone, up to 17% of energy savings are realized in CRTV base stations, approximately 24.4% of energy are realized in the base station of Missinguileo, and approximately 14.5% of energy savings are realized in the base station of Maroua market.