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Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 615176, 7 pages
Research Article

Determination of Aluminium and Physicochemical Parameters in the Palm Oil Estates Water Supply at Johor, Malaysia

1Environmental Health Programme, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The National University of Malaysia, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Health Risk Assessment Unit, Environmental Health Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research, 50588 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The National University of Malaysia, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received 6 November 2010; Accepted 27 December 2010

Academic Editor: Bruce Case

Copyright © 2010 M. R. Siti Farizwana et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The study was to determine the concentration of aluminium (Al) and study the physicochemical parameters (pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), turbidity, and residual chlorine) in drinking water supply in selected palm oil estates in Kota Tinggi, Johor. Water samples were collected from the estates with the private and the public water supplies. The sampling points were at the water source (S), the treatment plant outlet (TPO), and at the nearest houses (H1) and the furthest houses (H2) from the TPO. All estates with private water supply failed to meet the NSDWQ for Al with mean concentration of 0.99 ± 1.52 mg/L. However, Al concentrations in all public water supply estates were well within the limit except for one estate. The pH for all samples complied with the NSDWQ except from the private estates for the drinking water supply with an acidic pH (5.50 ± 0.90). The private water supply showed violated turbidity value in the drinking water samples (14.2 ± 24.1 NTU). Insufficient amount of chlorination was observed in the private water supply estates (0.09 ± 0.30 mg/L). Private water supplies with inefficient water treatment served unsatisfactory drinking water quality to the community which may lead to major health problems.