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Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2012, Article ID 269576, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/269576
Research Article

Cigarette Design Features in Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Countries

Department Of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA

Received 30 November 2011; Accepted 23 February 2012

Academic Editor: Vaughan Rees

Copyright © 2012 Rosalie V. Caruso and Richard J. O'Connor. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that country income grouping is correlated with cigarette engineering. Cigarettes ( 𝑁 = 1 1 1 brands) were purchased during 2008–2010 from 11 low-, middle-, and high-income countries to assess physical dimensions and an array of cigarette design features. Mean ventilation varied significantly across low- (7.5%), middle- (15.3%), and high-income (26.2%) countries ( 𝑃 0 . 0 0 1 ). Differences across income groups were also seen in cigarette length ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 0 1 ), length of the tipping paper ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 1 ), filter weight ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 1 7 ), number of vent rows ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 0 3 ), per-cigarette tobacco weight ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 4 ), and paper porosity ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 0 8 ). Stepwise linear regression showed ventilation and tobacco length as major predictors of ISO tar yields in low-income countries ( 𝑃 = 0 . 9 0 9 , 0.047), while tipping paper ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 1 ), filter length ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 1 ), number of vent rows ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 1 4 ), and per-cigarette weight ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 1 5 ) were predictors of tar yields in middle-income countries. Ventilation ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 1 ), number of vent rows ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 0 9 ), per-cigarette weight ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 1 ), and filter diameter ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 0 4 ) predicted tar yields in high-income countries. Health officials must be cognizant of cigarette design issues to provide effective regulation of tobacco products.