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Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2012, Article ID 314740, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/314740
Research Article

The 2009 US Federal Cigarette Tax Increase and Quitline Utilization in 16 States

1Alere Wellbeing (Formerly Free & Clear, Inc.), 999 Third Avenue Suite 2100, Seattle, WA 98104-1139, USA
2Biostatistics, Inc., 228 E Wesley Road Ne, Atlanta, GA 30305-3710, USA

Received 4 November 2011; Revised 10 February 2012; Accepted 21 February 2012

Academic Editor: Cristine Delnevo

Copyright © 2012 Terry Bush et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. On April 1, 2009, the federal cigarette excise tax increased from 39 cents to $1.01 per pack. Methods. This study describes call volumes to 16 state quitlines, characteristics of callers and cessation outcomes before and after the tax. Results. Calls to the quitlines increased by 23.5% in 2009 and more whites, smokers ≥ 25 years of age, smokers of shorter duration, those with less education, and those who live with smokers called after (versus before) the tax. Quit rates at 7 months did not differ before versus after tax. Conclusions. Descriptive analyses revealed that the federal excise tax on cigarettes was associated with increased calls to quitlines but multivariate analyses revealed no difference in quit rates. However, more callers at the same quit rate indicates an increase in total number of successful quitters. If revenue obtained from increased taxation on cigarettes is put into cessation treatment, then it is likely future excise taxes would have an even greater effect.