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Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2012, Article ID 641010, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/641010
Research Article

Safety from Crime and Physical Activity among Older Adults: A Population-Based Study in Brazil

1Postgraduate Program in Public Health, Federal University of Santa Catarina, 88040-970 Florianopolis, SC, Brazil
2Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, 96010-310 Pelotas, RS, Brazil
3Postgraduate Program in Physical Education, Federal University of Santa Catarina, 88040-970 Florianopolis, SC, Brazil

Received 17 August 2011; Revised 3 November 2011; Accepted 19 November 2011

Academic Editor: Ester Cerin

Copyright © 2012 Maruí Weber Corseuil et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate the association between safety from crime and physical activity among older adults. Methods. A population-based survey including 1,656 older adults (60+ years) took place in Florianopolis, Brazil, in 2009-2010. Commuting and leisure time physical activity were assessed through the long version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Perception of safety from crime was assessed using the Neighbourhood Environment Walkability Scale. Results. Perceiving the neighbourhood as safe during the day was related to a 25% increased likelihood of being active in leisure time (95% CI 1.02–1.53); general perception of safety was also associated with a 25% increase in the likelihood of being active in leisure time (95% CI 1.01–1.54). Street lighting was related to higher levels of commuting physical activity (prevalence ratio: 1.89; 95% CI 1.28–2.80). Conclusions. Safety investments are essential for promoting physical activity among older adults in Brazil.