Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 907832, 12 pages
Research Article

Reshuffling and Relocating: The Gendered and Income-Related Differential Effects of Restricting Smoking Locations

1British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women’s Health, E311-4500 Oak Street (Box 48), Vancouver, BC, Canada V6H 3N1
2School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, 3333 University Way, Kelowna, BC, Canada V6T 1Z3

Received 2 December 2011; Accepted 10 February 2012

Academic Editor: Cristine Delnevo

Copyright © 2012 Natalie Hemsing et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study investigates secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and management in the context of smoking location restrictions, for nonsmokers, former, and current smokers. A purposive sample of 47 low income and non-low-income men and women of varied smoking statuses was recruited to participate in a telephone interview or a focus group. Amidst general approval of increased restrictions there were gendered patterns of SHS exposure and management, and effects of SHS policies that reflect power, control, and social roles that need to be considered as policies are developed, implemented and monitored. The experience of smoking restrictions and the management of SHS is influenced by the social context (relationship with a partner, family member, or stranger), the space of exposure (public or private, worksite), the social location of individuals involved (gender, income), and differential tolerance to SHS. This confluence of factors creates differing unintended and unexpected consequences to the social and physical situations of male and female smokers, nonsmokers, and former smokers. These factors deserve further study, in the interests of informing the development of future interventions and policies restricting SHS.