Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

The Influence of the Local Neighbourhood Environment on Walking Levels during the Walking for Wellbeing in the West Pedometer-Based Community Intervention

Table 2

Rotated factor matrix for environment variables ( 𝑛 = 3 8 ), based on Principle Axis Factoring and a varimax rotation (with Kaiser normalisation). Only retained factors and loadings > 0.5 are shown. GIS variables (i.e. those not derived from street audit data) are shown in italic, and variables which are weighted averages are indicated with an asterisk.

Physical environment variableFactor loadings
Green space and recreation facilitiesCommercial and residential land use mixDangerous and busy roadsPathway features other than safetyPathway safety featuresRoads and bus stopsIndoor fitness facilities and traffic calming featuresTraffic signals and pedestrian signage

Recreation facility: othera.899
Dwellings per hectare.631.511
Paths and roadside area (%).629
Recreation facilities (mean no. of).608.550
Nature views.532
Land use mix index b .924
Green space area (%)βˆ’.877
Parking provision* .693
Commercial area (%) .644βˆ’.501
Hedge % coverage*βˆ’.606βˆ’.514
Cul de sac or perm. street closingc .540
Path: none .531
Bus stops (no. of)βˆ’.511.506
Accidents: injury (no. of) .900
Accidents: inj. to pedestrians (no. of) .869
Accidents: non-injury (no. of) .791
Garden maintenance* .675
Junctions: three-legged (no. of).504 .541
Pedestrian signageβˆ’.536.510
Dog fouling*βˆ’.534
Path material type* .865
Path material natural .860
Sports/playing field or tennis crt. .693
Hill viewsβˆ’.646
Road names visible .601.528
Street closing w. walking access thr. .519
Path well lit.847
Raised kerb.797
Path distance from kerb*.517.591
Domestic area (%).580
Median refuge.919
Car lanes (mean no. of).798
Fitness facility: indoor.881
Speed humps.567.643
Kerb extension.553
Traffic signals.710
Percent of variance 13.813.012.612.
Total variance explained = 80.7%

aRecreation facility other than an indoor fitness facility, park, playground, pool, golf course, sports/playing field, sports track, or tennis court.
bAfter Frank et al. [21].
cAt either end of the street segment.

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