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Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2014, Article ID 573607, 6 pages
Research Article

PFAAs in Fish and Other Seafood Products from Icelandic Waters

1Matis, Icelandic Food and Biotech R&D, Vinlandsleid 12, 113 Reykjavik, Iceland
2Faculty of Food Science & Nutrition, School of Health Science, University of Iceland, Unit of Nutritional Research, Eiríksgötu 29, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland

Received 3 December 2013; Revised 19 February 2014; Accepted 19 February 2014; Published 20 March 2014

Academic Editor: Pam R. Factor-Litvak

Copyright © 2014 Hrönn Jörundsdóttir et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Perfluorinatedalkyl acids (PFAAs) are of growing concern due to possible health effects on humans. Exposure assessments indicate that fish consumption is one of the major sources of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) exposure to humans, one of the major PFASs, whereas concerns of overestimation of this exposure source have been raised. Therefore, PFAAs concentrations in fish from the North Atlantic (Icelandic fishing grounds) in the flesh of different fish species were investigated along with more detailed analyses of tissue concentrations in cod (Gadus morhua) and lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus). Further, fish feed was investigated as a possible source of PFAAs in aquaculture by examining fish meal as feed ingredient. No PFAAs were detected in the edible part of all fish samples, except for PFOS in pollock (Pollachius virens, 0,05 ng/g wet weight). PFOS was the only PFAA detected in the fish meal samples with the exception of PFOSA in blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou) meal (0,45 ng/g dry weight (d.w.)), where the PFOS concentration was 1,3–13 ng/g d.w. in the capelin (Mallotus villosus) and mackerel (Scomber scombrus) meal samples. The conclusions of the study are that fish commonly consumed from the Icelandic fishing grounds are unlikely to be an important source of PFAAs exposure.