Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2014, Article ID 946875, 8 pages
Research Article

Neonates in Ahmedabad, India, during the 2010 Heat Wave: A Climate Change Adaptation Study

1Department of Paediatrics, Smt S.C.L. General Hospital, Saraspur, Ahmedabad 380053, India
2Department of Preventive Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029, USA
3Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar 380054, India
4Ahmedabad Heat and Climate Study Group, Gandhinagar 380054, India

Received 31 May 2013; Revised 5 December 2013; Accepted 7 January 2014; Published 10 March 2014

Academic Editor: Luis Gabriel Cuervo

Copyright © 2014 Khyati Kakkad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. Bernstein, P. Bosch, O. Canziani et al., “Core writing team. Summary for policy makers,” in Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III To the Fourth Assessment Report of the IntergovernmentAl Panel on Climate Change, R. K. Pauchari and A. Reisinger, Eds., Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, Switzerland, 2007, View at Google Scholar
  2. Climate Protection Partnership Division and U. S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Atmospheric Programs, Reducing Urban Heat Islands: Compendium of Strategies, 2008,
  3. L. Dan and E. Bou-Zeid, “Synergistic interactions between Urban heat islands and heat waves: the impact in cities is larger than the sum of its parts,” Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 2051–2064, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. J. Golden, “The built environment induced urban heat island effect in rapidly urbanizing arid regions: a sustainable urban engineering complexity,” Environmental Science, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 321–349, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. Government of India, Census of India: Provisional Populations Totals, Ranking of Population Districts, 2001–2011, Census of India Website: Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, 2011,
  6. J. Kotkin, The World’s Fastest Growing Cities, 2010,
  7. See “Weather and Climate in Ahmedabad,” Maps of India,
  8. Indian Network for Climate Change Assessment (INCCA), Climate Change and India: A 4×4 Assessment. A Sectoral and Regional Analysis for 2030s, 2010,
  9. Express News Service,, Heatwave Kills 29 in 3 Days in Ahmedabad, 2010,
  10. D. Jitendra, Dying Heat Wave Kills 8 More in Ahmedabad, DNA, 2010,
  11. F. C. Curriero, K. S. Heiner, J. M. Samet, S. L. Zeger, L. Strug, and J. A. Patz, “Temperature and mortality in 11 cities of the Eastern United States,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 155, no. 1, pp. 80–87, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. K. A. Borden and S. L. Cutter, “Spatial patterns of natural hazards mortality in the United States,” International Journal of Health Geographics, vol. 7, article 64, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. Department of Health and Human Services and Center for Disease Control, Recognizing, Preventing and Treating Heat-Related Illness, 2012,
  14. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and Center for Disease Control, Heat Stress Saftey and Health Topics, 2012,
  15. R. Basu, “High ambient temperature and mortality: a review of epidemiologic studies from 2001 to 2008,” Environmental Health, vol. 8, article 40, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. R. Basu, B. Malig, and B. Ostro, “High ambient temperature and the risk of preterm delivery,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 172, no. 10, pp. 1108–1117, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. B. Strand, A. G. Barnett, and S. Tong, “The influence of season and ambient temperature on birth outcomes: a review of the epidemiological literature,” Environmental Research, vol. 111, no. 3, pp. 451–462, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. W. C. Chou, J. L. Wu, Y. C. Wang, H. Huang, F. C. Sung, and C. Y. Chuang, “Modeling the impact of climate variability on diarrhea-associated diseases in Taiwan (1996–2007),” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 409, no. 1, pp. 43–51, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. P. L. Kinney, M. S. O'Neill, M. L. Bell, and J. Schwartz, “Approaches for estimating effects of climate change on heat-related deaths: challenges and opportunities,” Environmental Science and Policy, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 87–96, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. J. Gunn and L. Bennet, “Is temperature important in delivery room resuscitation?” Seminars in Neonatology, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 241–249, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. R. A. Polin, W. W. Fox, and S. H. Abman, “Section IX Thermoregulation,” in Fetal and Neonatal Physiology, Elsevier/Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 4th edition, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  22. M. S. O'Neill, S. Hajat, A. Zanobetti, M. Ramirez-Aguilar, and J. Schwartz, “Impact of control for air pollution and respiratory epidemics on the estimated associations of temperature and daily mortality,” International Journal of Biometeorology, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 121–129, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Fouillet, G. Rey, F. Laurent et al., “Excess mortality related to the August 2003 heat wave in France,” International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 16–24, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. R. Basu and B. D. Ostro, “A multicounty analysis identifying the populations vulnerable to mortality associated with high ambient temperature in California,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 168, no. 6, pp. 632–637, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. NRDC India Initiative-PHFI/IIPH Workshop, Climate Change: Heat and Health, Addressing Vulnerability, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, 2011.
  26. R. Jalan and V. Kumar, Eye on the Indian Market, Marketing Health Services, 2009,
  27. R. Kapoor and S. Kumar, Energy Efficiency in Hospitals Best Practice Guide, International Resources Group, 2011,
  28. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Health Department Releases Report on Summer 2006 Heat Wave Deaths [Press Release], 2006,
  29. G. B. Anderson and M. L. Bell, “Lights out: impact of the August 2003 power outage on mortality in New York, NY,” Epidemiology, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 189–193, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. Hoshiko, P. English, D. Smith, and R. Trent, “A simple method for estimating excess mortality due to heat waves, as applied to the 2006 California heat wave,” International Journal of Public Health, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 133–137, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  31. S. Vandentorren, F. Suzan, S. Medina et al., “Mortality in 13 French cities during the August 2003 heat wave,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 94, no. 9, pp. 1518–1520, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. P. Dadvand, X. Basagaña, C. Sartini et al., “Climate extremes and the length of gestation,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 119, no. 10, pp. 1449–1453, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. N. Stanton, “Overheating and cot death,” The Lancet, vol. 2, no. 8413, pp. 1199–1201, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. W. J. Kleemann, M. Schlaud, C. F. Poets, T. Rothämel, and H. D. Tröger, “Hyperthermia in sudden infant death,” International Journal of Legal Medicine, vol. 109, no. 3, pp. 139–142, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) and Macro International, National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005-06, Key Findings, Mumbai, India, 2007,
  36. R. S. Arathyram and K. V. Raoa, Characterization of Urban Heat Islands in One of the Most Urbanized Corridors of India from Space Based Multi-Sensor, Spatio-Temporal Data, Applied Geoinformatics for Society and Environment, 2012,
  37. H. Black, “When to warn? Comparing heat indices to evaluate public health risks,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 118, no. 1, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. P. Adhyaru-Majithia, 8 Die As Worst Heat Wave in 94 Years Scorches Ahmedabad, DNA, 2010,
  39. K. Bruck and E. Zeisberger, “Adaptive changes in thermoregulation and their neuropharmacological basis,” Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol. 35, no. 1-2, pp. 163–215, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. V. Hessemer, A. Zeh, and K. Bruck, “Effects of passive heat adaptation and moderate sweatless conditioning on responses to cold and heat,” European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 281–289, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. N. Garrison and C. Horowitz, “Looking up: how green roofs and cool roofs can reduce energy use, address climate change, and protect water resources in Southern California,” NRDC Report R: 12-06-B, Paper no. 12-18, UCLA School of Law Research, 2012, View at Google Scholar