Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2016, Article ID 3074241, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3074241
Research Article

Consumption Frequency of Foods Away from Home Linked with Higher Body Mass Index and Lower Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study

1Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, 412 Savage Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
2Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, 330 Raitt Hall, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
3Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, B07 Savage Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
4Nutritional Sciences, University of Washington, 305 Raitt Hall, Seattle, WA 98195, USA

Received 11 September 2015; Accepted 7 December 2015

Academic Editor: How-Ran Guo

Copyright © 2016 Rebecca A. Seguin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Consumption of foods prepared away from home (FAFH) has grown steadily since the 1970s. We examined the relationship between FAFH and body mass index (BMI) and fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption. Methods. Frequency of FAFH, daily FV intake, height and weight, and sociodemographic data were collected using a telephone survey in 2008-2009. Participants included a representative sample of 2,001 adult men and women (mean age years) residing in King County, WA, with an analytical sample of 1,570. Frequency of FAFH was categorized as 0-1, 2–4, or 5+ times per week. BMI was calculated from self-reported height and weight. We examined the relationship between FAFH with FV consumption and BMI using multivariate models. Results. Higher frequency of FAFH was associated with higher BMI, after adjusting for age, income, education, race, smoking, marital status, and physical activity (women: ; men: ). There was a negative association between frequency of FAFH and FV consumption. FAFH frequency was significantly () higher among males than females (43.1% versus 54.0% eating out 0-1 meal per week, resp.). Females reported eating significantly () more FV than males. Conclusion. Among adults, higher frequency of FAFH was related to higher BMI and less FV consumption.