Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Socioeconomic and Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Cancer Mortality, Incidence, and Survival in the United States, 1950–2014: Over Six Decades of Changing Patterns and Widening Inequalities

Table 2

Age-adjusted all-cancer and site-specific cancer mortality rates per 100,000 population and relative risk (RR) of mortality among those aged ≥25 years by race/ethnicity, educational attainment, and poverty status: 2003–2011 National Longitudinal Mortality Study.

Age-adjusted mortality Age-adjusted mortality Age-adjusted mortality
RateSERRRateSERRRateSERR

All cancers combined, maleAll cancers combined, femaleLung cancer, male

Race/ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic White254.505.001.00210.504.331.0078.502.831.00
 Non-Hispanic Black350.0017.001.38209.5011.501.00114.179.831.45
 American Indian/Alaska Native406.1758.501.60284.1746.671.35151.5036.331.93
 Asian/Pacific Islander149.3317.670.59159.8317.330.7636.839.000.47
 Mexican American143.6714.000.56127.0012.670.6027.336.330.35
 Other Hispanic155.5016.000.61140.6713.670.6728.677.000.37
Educational attainment (years) ( for education < 0.01) ( for education < 0.01) ( for education < 0.01)
 <12287.509.331.68230.338.001.43102.835.832.57
 12288.338.331.68202.006.171.2589.174.672.23
 13–15240.179.671.40198.338.001.2367.335.171.68
 16+171.337.331.00161.338.171.0040.003.501.00
Poverty status1 ( for income < 0.01) ( for income < 0.01) ( for income < 0.01)
  <100%332.0018.331.80232.8311.501.55119.3311.172.58
  100–150%301.8315.671.64234.0011.171.55103.509.332.23
  150–200%271.3314.001.47238.8311.831.5989.678.331.94
  200–400%260.337.671.41209.176.831.3978.004.331.68
  400–600%243.5010.171.32174.339.001.1671.675.671.55
  Above 600%184.178.501.00150.508.331.0046.334.171.00

Lung cancer, femaleColorectal cancer, maleColorectal cancer, female

Race/ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic White59.832.331.0023.501.501.0020.001.331.00
 Non-Hispanic Black52.175.830.8743.336.171.8424.334.001.22
 American Indian/Alaska Native54.3320.500.919.009.000.3840.8318.172.04
 Asian/Pacific Islander36.838.330.626.503.670.2819.836.330.99
 Mexican American21.005.170.3518.005.000.7714.674.330.73
 Other Hispanic26.676.000.4511.674.500.5018.005.000.90
Educational attainment (years) ( for education < 0.01) ( for education < 0.01) ( for education < 0.01)
 <1271.334.672.0426.673.001.4225.672.672.20
 1260.173.331.7226.832.671.4219.672.001.69
 13–1541.333.671.1821.503.001.1421.502.671.84
 16+35.003.831.0018.832.501.0011.672.171.00
Poverty status1( for income < 0.01) ( for income > 0.05) ( for income < 0.01)
  <100%67.836.332.3020.004.671.0222.833.671.47
  100–150%68.336.172.3227.174.831.3827.503.831.77
  150–200%69.336.502.3528.334.671.4420.833.501.34
  200–400%57.173.501.9425.332.501.2923.332.331.51
  400–600%48.504.671.6424.173.171.2312.002.500.77
  Above 600%29.503.671.0019.672.831.0015.502.831.00

Prostate cancerBreast cancer, femaleCervical cancer

Race/ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic White23.501.501.0031.671.671.001.670.331.00
 Non-Hispanic Black54.006.832.3035.334.831.122.671.331.60
 American Indian/Alaska Native41.8320.831.7838.5017.171.2213.339.508.00
 Asian/Pacific Islander6.673.830.2811.504.670.361.831.831.10
 Mexican American8.333.830.3516.174.500.512.831.671.70
 Other Hispanic20.676.170.8817.334.830.555.832.673.50
Educational attainment (years) ( for education > 0.05) ( for education < 0.05) ( for education < 0.01)
 <1229.332.831.6326.172.670.824.171.336.25
 1223.332.501.3029.002.330.913.000.834.50
 13–1528.003.501.5632.833.171.031.330.672.00
 >1618.002.501.0032.003.501.000.670.331.00
Poverty status1 ( for income < 0.01) ( for income > 0.05) ( for income < 0.01)
  <100%31.505.671.7229.004.170.904.001.674.00
  100–150%27.174.331.4828.834.000.904.001.834.00
  150–200%26.504.001.4531.004.330.964.832.004.83
  200–400%24.502.331.3431.172.670.972.830.832.83
  400–600%27.333.671.4925.833.500.80
  Above 600%18.333.171.0032.173.831.001.000.501.00

. 1Defined as a ratio of family income to poverty threshold.

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