Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2017 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Socioeconomic and Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Cancer Mortality, Incidence, and Survival in the United States, 1950–2014: Over Six Decades of Changing Patterns and Widening Inequalities

Table 4

Multivariate Cox regression models showing adjusted1 relative risks (hazard ratios) of mortality among cancer patients diagnosed during 1988–1999, 11 SEER registries (maximum mortality follow-up of 11 years).

All cancer sites and both sexes combined2Colorectal cancer both sexes combined3Prostate cancer4Female breast cancer5
Hazard ratio95% confidence intervalHazard ratio95% confidence intervalHazard ratio95% confidence intervalHazard ratio95% confidence interval

Non-Hispanic White1.00Reference1.00Reference1.00Reference1.00Reference
Non-Hispanic Black1.
American Indian1.461.401.541.401.181.671.851.482.311.521.221.90
Asian Indian0.900.830.980.580.390.861.471.
Other API1.

Neighborhood (census tract) SES index
1st decile (low SES)1.561.541.591.291.231.361.571.461.681.681.571.79
2nd decile1.471.461.491.
3rd decile1.391.371.411.
4th decile1.341.331.361.
5th decile1.311.291.321.
6th decile1.
7th decile1.
8th decile1.
9th decile1.
10th decile (high SES)1.00Reference1.00Reference1.00Reference1.00Reference

for age at diagnosis, period of diagnosis, sex, race/ethnicity, marital status, area SES, and rural-urban residence.
2Number of diagnosed cancer patients = 1,663,844; number dying during 1988–1999 follow-up = 541,427.
3Number of diagnosed colorectal cancer patients = 150,330; number dying during 1988–1999 follow-up = 46,673.
4Number of diagnosed prostate cancer patients = 228,839; number dying during 1988–1999 follow-up = 422,784.
5Number of diagnosed female breast cancer patients = 197,270; number dying during 1988–1999 follow-up = 24,976.

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