Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2017 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Socioeconomic and Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Cancer Mortality, Incidence, and Survival in the United States, 1950–2014: Over Six Decades of Changing Patterns and Widening Inequalities

Table 4

Multivariate Cox regression models showing adjusted1 relative risks (hazard ratios) of mortality among cancer patients diagnosed during 1988–1999, 11 SEER registries (maximum mortality follow-up of 11 years).

All cancer sites and both sexes combined2Colorectal cancer both sexes combined3Prostate cancer4Female breast cancer5
Hazard ratio95% confidence intervalHazard ratio95% confidence intervalHazard ratio95% confidence intervalHazard ratio95% confidence interval

Race/ethnicity
Non-Hispanic White1.00Reference1.00Reference1.00Reference1.00Reference
Non-Hispanic Black1.201.191.211.181.141.231.431.371.501.601.531.67
Hispanic/Latino1.051.031.061.091.041.131.161.091.241.161.101.23
American Indian1.461.401.541.401.181.671.851.482.311.521.221.90
Chinese1.221.201.250.920.860.990.860.741.000.910.801.04
Japanese0.970.940.990.800.750.850.720.640.820.600.530.69
Filipino1.041.011.060.970.881.051.010.901.131.030.921.15
Hawaiian1.401.341.461.171.011.371.671.312.111.160.971.39
Korean1.541.481.600.910.781.071.190.821.741.000.751.32
Asian Indian0.900.830.980.580.390.861.471.032.091.170.851.61
Vietnamese1.471.411.540.800.641.001.711.142.551.110.831.50
Other API1.141.091.180.810.680.971.150.891.491.120.911.38

Neighborhood (census tract) SES index
1st decile (low SES)1.561.541.591.291.231.361.571.461.681.681.571.79
2nd decile1.471.461.491.211.161.271.531.431.631.591.491.69
3rd decile1.391.371.411.191.141.241.381.301.461.491.411.58
4th decile1.341.331.361.171.121.221.281.211.361.401.321.48
5th decile1.311.291.321.151.111.201.261.191.331.351.281.42
6th decile1.261.251.281.101.061.151.261.191.341.271.201.34
7th decile1.231.211.241.101.061.151.251.181.331.211.141.27
8th decile1.201.181.211.081.041.131.181.111.261.191.131.26
9th decile1.121.111.131.051.011.101.111.041.181.141.071.20
10th decile (high SES)1.00Reference1.00Reference1.00Reference1.00Reference

for age at diagnosis, period of diagnosis, sex, race/ethnicity, marital status, area SES, and rural-urban residence.
2Number of diagnosed cancer patients = 1,663,844; number dying during 1988–1999 follow-up = 541,427.
3Number of diagnosed colorectal cancer patients = 150,330; number dying during 1988–1999 follow-up = 46,673.
4Number of diagnosed prostate cancer patients = 228,839; number dying during 1988–1999 follow-up = 422,784.
5Number of diagnosed female breast cancer patients = 197,270; number dying during 1988–1999 follow-up = 24,976.

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