Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2017 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Socioeconomic and Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Cancer Mortality, Incidence, and Survival in the United States, 1950–2014: Over Six Decades of Changing Patterns and Widening Inequalities

Table 5

Prevalence (%) of current smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, fruit/vegetable intake, and cancer screening by race/ethnicity, education, and income/poverty level in the United States: The 2014-2015 National Health Interview Survey.

Current smoking maleCurrent smoking femaleObesity maleObesity femalePhysical inactivity malePhysical inactivity femaleFruit/vegetable intake <1 time per day maleFruit/vegetable intake <1 time per day femaleMammogram within the past 2 years1Pap test within the past 3 years1Ever had a Colonoscopy1

Race/ethnicity
 All races17.914.431.630.829.532.633.725.373.282.765.3
 Non-Hispanic White18.216.631.928.627.429.833.424.972.481.569.2
 Non-Hispanic Black23.014.436.547.733.442.139.831.077.886.161.3
 American Indian/Alaska Native27.429.745.751.139.535.435.532.468.574.051.3
 Asian/Pacific Islander14.13.811.212.223.528.223.915.170.885.350.8
 Hispanic14.07.833.834.138.039.434.526.474.984.348.8

Educational attainment (years)
 <High school27.220.131.737.151.153.435.427.963.174.150.6
 High school graduate25.720.136.034.838.043.337.929.368.776.262.6
 Some college/associate degree19.717.037.035.228.031.235.426.673.782.466.4
 ≥College graduate7.25.723.821.815.717.829.720.580.289.073.4

Poverty status (ratio of family income to poverty threshold)
 <100%34.126.431.740.446.247.838.529.364.176.848.0
 100–200%26.219.531.538.241.044.137.328.664.377.955.4
 200–300%19.815.933.933.134.936.233.425.969.180.564.4
 300–400%18.912.333.832.327.628.936.925.774.383.369.8
 400–500%13.39.431.726.724.725.434.624.578.087.470.7
 Above 500%9.77.830.021.616.116.929.521.081.088.273.7

Note: ages were ≥40 years for mammography, 25–64 years for Pap test, ≥50 years for colonoscopy, and ≥25 years for smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, and fruit/vegetable intake. Differences in prevalence for each risk factor or screening variable across race/ethnicity, education, and poverty level were statistically significant at .
12015 National Health Interview Survey, Cancer Control Supplement.

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