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Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2017, Article ID 2821343, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2821343
Research Article

Social, Environmental, and Health Vulnerability to Climate Change: The Case of the Municipalities of Minas Gerais, Brazil

1Escola de Saúde Pública do Estado de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
2Centro de Pesquisas René Rachou, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
3Instituto Militar de Engenharia, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
4Universidade Federal de São João del Rey, São João del Rey, MG, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Ulisses Confalonieri; moc.liamg@ireinolafnocu

Received 16 November 2016; Accepted 11 January 2017; Published 29 March 2017

Academic Editor: Stephen Leeder

Copyright © 2017 Ana Flávia Quintão et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Vulnerability to climate change is a complex and dynamic phenomenon involving both social and physical/environmental aspects. It is presented as a method for the quantification of the vulnerability of all municipalities of Minas Gerais, a state in southeastern Brazil. It is based on the aggregation of different kinds of environmental, climatic, social, institutional, and epidemiological variables, to form a composite index. This was named “Index of Human Vulnerability” and was calculated using a software (SisVuClima®) specifically developed for this purpose. Social, environmental, and health data were combined with the climatic scenarios RCP 4.5 and 8.5, downscaled from ETA-HadGEM2-ES for each municipality. The Index of Human Vulnerability associated with the RCP 8.5 has shown a higher vulnerability for municipalities in the southern and eastern parts of the state of Minas Gerais.