Table 6: Estimated annual risk due to exposure to faecal sludge from EcoSan latrines.

Pathogen Route of exposure FAs UDDTs
Average pathogen dose ingested Estimated riskAverage pathogen dose ingestedEstimated risk

Ascaris lumbricoidesInhalation and ingestion1.287.2 × 10−10.835.6 × 10−1
TaeniaInhalation and ingestion0.654.8 × 10−10.584.4 × 10−1
HookwormsDermal contact, inhalation, and ingestion220.31.0 × 10066.41.0 × 100

Bacteria (CFUs per gram)
E. coli Inhalation and ingestion3258.76.0 × 10−11654.35.4 × 10−1
SalmonellaInhalation and ingestion1122.41.0 × 10−11001.28.9 × 10−2