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Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4783791, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4783791
Research Article

Malnutrition and Its Associated Factors among Rural School Children in Fayoum Governorate, Egypt

Public Health and Community Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, Al Fayoum, Egypt

Correspondence should be addressed to Wafaa Y. Abdel Wahed

Received 26 December 2016; Revised 13 May 2017; Accepted 18 July 2017; Published 23 October 2017

Academic Editor: Brian Buckley

Copyright © 2017 Wafaa Y. Abdel Wahed et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Malnutrition is an increasing health problem among children in developing countries. We assessed the level of malnutrition and associated factors among school children in a rural setting in Fayoum Governorate, Egypt. A school based cross-sectional survey was conducted on children (6–17 years) in Manshit El Gamal village in Tamia district of Fayoum Governorate. Weight, height, and age data were used to calculate -scores of the three nutritional indicators using WHO anthroPlus. Sociodemographics and lifestyles Data were collected. Prevalence of stunting, underweight, and wasting was 34.2%, 3.4%, and 0.9%, respectively, while obesity was 14.9%. Prevalence of obesity was significantly higher in younger age group of 6–9 years in comparison with older age and was higher in males versus females in 10–13-year-age group. Increasing age, reduced poultry consumption, and escaping breakfast were associated factors for stunting with OR (95% CI) 1.27 (1.17–1.37), 2.19 (1.4–3.4), and 2.3 (1.07–5.03). Younger age and regular employment of the father were factors associated with obesity (OR = 0.753; 0.688–0.824 and OR = 2.217; 1.4–3.5). Malnutrition is highly prevalent in Fayoum in line with the national prevalence and associated with age, gender, regularity of father’s employment, and dietary factors.