Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2017 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Pesticide Residues in Honey from the Major Honey Producing Forest Belts in Ghana

Table 1

Concentrations of pesticides.

Average concentrations (mg/kg) of different classes of pesticide residues in the 3 different regionsMRL (EU, 2005)
AshantiBrong-Ahafo Western
BeehiveForestBeehiveForestBeehiveForest

OrganophosphorusChlorpyrifos<0.010.01<0.010.01<0.01<0.010.05
Diazinon<0.01<0.010.01<0.010.01<0.010.01
Dimethoate0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.02
Fenitothion<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.01
Malathion<0.01<0.010.01<0.010.01<0.010.02
Methamidophos<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.05
Parathion<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.01
Phorate<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.05
Phosmet<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.05
Pirimiphos-methyl<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.05
Profenofos<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.05

Synthetic pyrethroidsBifenthrin<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.05
Cyfluthrin<0.010.02<0.010.02<0.010.020.02
Cypermethrin<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.05
Deltamethrin<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.05
Fenvalerate0.010.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.010.02
Permethrin (cis/trans)<0.010.040.010.04<0.010.040.05
λ-Cyahalothin<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.02
∑Permethrin<0.010.040.010.04<0.010.040.05

OrganochlorinesAldrin<0.01<0.01<0.010.01<0.010.010.01
Dieldrin<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.01
γ-Chlordane<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.01
Heptachlor<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.01
Lindane<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.01
Methoxychlor<0.010.01<0.010.01<0.01<0.010.01
α-HCH<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.01
β-HCH<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.01
∑DDT0.01<0.01<0.01<0.010.01<0.010.01
∑Endosulfan0.01<0.01<0.010.01<0.010.010.05

∑Endosulfan = sum of isomers; ∑Permethrin = sum of cis- and trans-isomers; ∑DDT = sum of p, DDT, o,-DDT, and p,-DDE.

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