Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

A Perspective Analysis of Dams and Water Quality: The Bui Power Project on the Black Volta, Ghana

Table 2

Respondents’ general knowledge on their drinking water quality based on location.

Variables% total (200)% (100) far from the dam communities% (100) near to the dam communities valueOdd ratio

What is the source of drinking water?
Stand pipe0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
Borehole10 (5.0)6 (6.0)4 (4.0)0.521.53
Stream144 (72)87 (87.0)67 (67.0)0.00080.3
Why this source?
Source is closest62 (31)39 (39)23 (23)0.01440.47
Water is reliable0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
Water is clean0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
Other138 (69)49 (49.0)89 (89.0)<0.00010.119
Is your drinking water treated?
Yes23 (11.5)5 (5.0)18 (18.0)0.0040.24
No175 (87.5)95 (95.0)80 (80.0)0.00134.8
Why would you/would not treat drinking water?
Source is polluted10 (5.0)3 (3.0)7 (7.0)0.1940.41
Source is clean50 (15.0)19 (19.0)31 (31.0)0.050.522
Less likely to get sick52 (16.0)20 (10)32 (11.0)0.0530.37
Debris in water6 (30)2 (2)4 (4.0)11
Is your water stored before use?
Yes183 (91.5)97 (97)86 (86.0)0.09935.3
No17 (8.5)3 (3.0)14 (14.0)0.04470.28
If yes, do you see sediments at the bottom?
Yes127 (63.5)50 (50)77 (77.0)<0.00010.298
No53 (26.5)47 (47.0)6 (6.0)<0.000113.9
Sometimes3 (1.5)0 (0)3 (3.0)0.0810.139
Does your water have taste?
Yes42 (21.0)7 (7.0)35 (35.0)<0.00010.14
No158 (79)93 (93.0)65 (65.0)<0.00018.86
Sometimes5 (2.5)0 (0)5 (5.0)0.02350.09
Does your water smell?
Yes160 (80)97 (97.0)63 (63.0)<0.000119
No40 (20.0)3 (3.0)37 (37.0)<0.00010.053
Does your water have colour?
Yes65 (32.5)65 (65)0 (0)<0.00010.003
No135 (67.5)96 (100)39 (39.0)<0.00010.003
Do you drink from any other source?
Yes100 (50)37 (37.0)63 (63.0)<0.00010.22
No100 (50)63 (63.0)27 (27.0)0.00022.9
Don’t know1 (0.5)1 (1.0)0 (0)0.31613.03

OR refers to odds ratio; value refers to level of significance. The “far from the dam” communities were Agblekame North and Agblekame South while “near to the dam” communities were Gyama Nsuo-ano and Bongase nsuo-ano.

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