Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2018 / Article / Tab 8

Research Article

Formaldehyde Vapor Concentration in Electronic Cigarettes and Health Complaints of Electronic Cigarettes Smokers in Indonesia

Table 8

Cotinine urine of electronic cigarettes smoker in personal vapor community in Surabaya city in 2016.

Cotinine UrinePercentage ()

Negative12.0
Positive88.0

Source: primary data.