Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Health Behaviors among Male and Female University Students in Cambodia: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics of male and female university students.

VariablesFrequency
Total n (%)Males n (%)Females n (%) value

Age (in years, mean ± SD)21.3 ± 2.321.7 ± 2.521 ± 2.2<0.001

Marital status0.88
 Single1330 (97.9)674 (97.7)656 (98.1)
 Married/cohabiting29 (2.1)16 (2.3)13 (1.9)

Year of study in the university0.15
 Year 1496 (36.5)245 (35.5)251 (37.5)
 Year 2281 (20.7)130 (18.8)151 (22.6)
 Year 3251 (18.5)137 (19.86)114 (17.0)
 Year 4331 (24.3)178 (25.8)153 (22.9)

Living arrangement<0.001
 Parent595 (43.8)271 (39.3)324 (48.4)
 Relative335 (24.6)173 (25.1)162 (24.2)
 Friends346 (25.5)188 (27.2)158 (23.6)
 Couple21 (1.5)14 (2.0)7 (1.0)
 Alone18 (2.7)44 (6.4)18 (2.7)

Perceived family economic status<0.001
 Quite well-off/wealthy444 (32.7)195 (28.4)249 (37.2)
 Not very well-off846 (62.3)449 (65.2)397 (59.3)
 Quite poor68 (5.0)45 (6.5)23 (3.4)

Perceived academic performance0.92
 Excellent57 (4.2)29 (4.2)28 (4.2)
 Good303 (22.3)157 (22.8)146 (21.8)
 Faire962 (70.8)487 (70.6)475 (71.0)
 Poor37 (2.7)17 (2.5)20 (3.0)

Abbreviations: n, number; SD, standard deviation. Chi-square test (or fisher’s exact test when a sample size was smaller than five in one cell) was used for categorical variables and independent student’s t test for continuous variables.

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