Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2020 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Health Behaviors among Male and Female University Students in Cambodia: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Table 5

Eating, sleeping, and driving behaviors among male and female university students.

VariablesFrequency
Total n (%)Male n (%)Female n (%) value

Times do eating fast food per week<0.001
 0 times881 (61.1)457 (66.2)374 (55.9)
 1-2 times456 (33.6)201 (29.1)255 (38.1)
 3 or more times72 (5.3)32 (4.6)40 (6.0)

Number of soft drinks, glasses of soda or sweet tea consumed per day0.01
 None226 (16.6)100 (14.5)126 (18.8)
 1-2779 (57.3)389 (56.4)390 (58.3)
 3 or more354 (26.0)201 (29.1)153 (22.9)

Times consuming high-fat snacks per week0.001
 0 times307 (22.6)174 (25.2)133 (19.9)
 1-2 times869 (63.9)445 (64.5)424 (63.4)
 3 or more times183 (13.5)71 (10.3)112 (16.7)

Amount of margarine, butter, meat fat consumed0.67
 None or very little565 (41.6)285 (41.3)280 (41.9)
 Some696 (51.2)351 (50.9)345 (51.6)
 A lot98 (7.2)54 (7.8)44 (6.6)

Number of servings of fruits or vegetables consumed per day0.006
 0 servings134 (9.9)84 (12.2)50 (7.5)
 1-2 servings755 (55.6)385 (55.8)370 (55.3)
 3 or more servings470 (34.6)221 (32.0)249 (37.2)

Times consuming lean protein per week0.81
 0 times164 (12.1)83 (12.0)81 (12.1)
 1-2 times874 (64.3)439 (63.6)435 (65.0)
 3 or more times321 (21.6)168 (24.3)153 (22.9)

Self-perception on body weight<0.001
 Overweight408 (30.0)157 (22.8)251 (37.5)
 About right496 (36.5)251 (36.4)245 (36.6)
 Underweight455 (33.5)282 (40.8)173 (25.8)

Problem with sleeping in the last 30 days0.98
 None215 (15.8)110 (15.9)105 (15.7)
 Mild454 (33.4)231 (33.5)223 (33.3)
 Moderate587 (43.2)295 (42.8)292 (43.6)
 Severe103 (7.6)54 (7.8)49 (7.3)

Used seatbelt when driving a car or other motor vehicle in the past 30 days0.05
 I did not drive756 (55.6)397 (57.5)359 (53.7)
 Never211 (15.5)88 (12.8)123 (18.4)
 Rarely93 (6.8)44 (6.4)49 (7.3)
 Sometimes108 (7.9)60 (8.7)48 (7.2)
 Most of the time68 (5.0)41 (5.9)27 (4.0)
 Always123 (9.1)60 (8.7)63 (9.4)

Used a helmet when riding a bicycle in the past 30 days0.06
 I did not ride156 (11.5)64 (9.3)92 (13.8)
 Never49 (3.6)22 (3.2)27 (4.0)
 Rarely33 (2.4)19 (2.8)14 (2.1)
 Sometimes51 (3.8)29 (4.2)22 (3.3)
 Most of the time319 (23.5)179 (25.9)140 (25.9)
 Always751 (55.3)377 (54.6)374 (55.9)

Drove a car or other motor vehicle after drinking alcohol in the past 30 days<0.001
 I did not drive371 (27.3)151 (21.9)220 (32.9)
 0 times797 (58.6)370 (53.6)427 (63.8)
 1 time120 (8.8)105 (15.2)15 (2.2)
 2-3 times52 (3.8)48 (7.0)4 (0.6)
 ≥4 times19 (1.4)16 (2.3)3 (0.4)

Average sleeping hours/24 h during the past week (±SD)7.2 ± 1.57.2 ± 1.57.3 ± 1.50.15

Abbreviations: n, number; SD, standard deviation. Chi-squared test (or fisher’s exact test when a sample size was smaller than five in one cell) was used for categorical variables and independent student’s t test for continuous variables.

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