Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2020 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Trends and Factors Associated with Healthcare Utilization for Childhood Diarrhea and Fever in Ethiopia: Further Analysis of the Demographic and Health Surveys from 2000 to 2016

Table 2

Bivariate analysis of healthcare seeking for childhood diarrhea illness in Ethiopia 2000–2016 by child, parental, and household characteristics.

VariablesCare seeking for diarrhea illnessPercentage difference
20002005201120162000–20052005–20112011–2016
%95% CISign.%95% CISign.%95% CISign.%95% CISign.

Sex of child
 Male15.914.9–16.9<0.00114.411.8–16.80.79921.118–24.10.41232.5–3.50.5621.5−6.7−5
 Female10.49.50–11.31310.4–15.619.116–22.22.62.1–3.1−2.6−6.118.1
Child age
 0–1111.38.2–14.40.2631.81.2–2.4<0.0019.5
 12–2314.411–17.62.11.4–2.812.3
 24+14.311–17.51.71.3–2.112.6
Birth order
 1st birth5.94.8–7.052.1–7.98.74.9–12.5<0.0011.10.6–1.60.0200.9−3.77.6
 2nd birth53.9–6.1<0.0014.61.8–7.40.1147.74.2–11.21.10.6–1.60.4−3.16.6
 3rd birth3.52.5–4.54.11.4–6.85.62.4–8.80.80.3–1.3−0.6−1.54.8
 4th & above11.810.9–12.713.711.2–16.218.315.4–212.62.1–3.1−1.9−4.615.7
Total under-five birth
 One birth12.311.3–13.310.78.0–13.40.27718.214.9–220.0043.12.5–3.70.0161.6−7.515.1
 Two births11.810.6–13.00.03912.610.1–15.116.713.7–202.92.2–3.6−0.8−4.113.8
 3 & above2.31.2–3.441.3–6.75.11.9–8.30.90.2–1.5−1.7−1.14.2
Mother’s age
 <3016.315.3–17.3<0.00117.114.5–19.70.00825.322–28.4<0.0013.12.6–3.6<0.001−0.8−8.222.2
 30+107.6–12.410.37.9–12.714.811.9–1821.6–2.4−0.3−4.512.8
Mother’s education
 No educa.19.417.4–21.418.716.4–21.0<0.00124.621.8–27<0.0012.72.3–3.1<0.0010.7−5.921.9
 Primary4.11.5–6.7<0.0016.13.0–9.212.89.3–16.31.81.3–2.3−2−6.711
 Secondary/higher2.80.6–6.32.50.01–6.22.80.001–70.60.1–1.00.3−0.32.2
Husband’s educa.
 No educa.14.512.5–16.513.411.1–15.7<0.0011714–19.9<0.0011.91.5–2.30.0021.1−3.615.1
 Primary7.24.7–9.7<0.0018.86.0–11.616.613–19.81.91.4–2.4−1.6−7.814.7
 Secondary/higher4.61.7–7.55.21.9–8.56.52.4–10.61.30.8–1.8−0.6−1.35.2
Oral rehydration
 No3.72.0–5.45.94.0–7.8<0.00152.6–7.4<0.0010.70.4–1.0<0.001−2.20.94.3
 Yes22.620.3–24.9<0.00121.718.8–24.635.432–38.44.64.1–5.10.9−13.730.8
Exposure to media
 No25.523.4–27.6<0.0012320.7–25.3<0.00137.134–39.9<0.0014.33.9–4.70.8522.5−14.132.8
 Yes0.70.03–4.94.41.0–7.88.44.6–12.20.80.3–1.3−3.7−47.6
Antenatal care
 No14.812.8–16.815.5132–17.8<0.00118.415.6–21<0.0011.61.1–2.1<0.001−0.7−2.916.8
 1–35.71.5–9.8<0.0015.62.6–8.511.17.7–14.52.41.7–3.10.1−5.58.7
 4 and more5.80.9–10.76.32.8–9.810.66.7–14.53.42.7–4.1−0.5−4.37.2
Place of delivery<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
 Home22.220.2–24.22320.7–25.332.830–35.54.13.5–4.7−0.8−9.828.7
 Health facil.4.10.8–7.40.9014.50.9–8.07.43.4–11.43.52.8–4.2−0.4−2.93.9
Desire more child0.0700.3060.746
 No more96.7–11.3129.3–14.712.19.0–15.21.61.1–2.1−3−0.110.5
 Wants more17.215.0–19.415.312.8–17.82825–30.93.63.2–4.01.9−12.724.4
Residence
 Rural19.817.8–21.8<0.0012320.7–25.3<0.0013128–33.7<0.0013.93.5–4.30.085−3.2−827.1
 Urban6.53.2–9.84.41.1–7.79.15.1–13.11.10.6–1.52.1−4.78
Wealth index
 Poorest3.71.7–5.7<0.00196.3–11.7<0.0011.30.9–1.7−3.7−5.37.7
 Poorer4.31.9–6.76.23.0–9.40.80.3–1.3−4.3−1.95.4
 Middle6.53.7–937.64.2–11.00.80.3–1.30.063−6.5−1.16.8
 Richest5.12.3–7.98.14.7–11.50.80.3–1.3−5.1−37.3
 Richer7.84.4–11.29.45.3–13.51.30.9–1.7−7.8−1.68.1
Postnatal care
 No24.221.8–26.60.02334.631.8–370.0066.55.9–7.10.003−24.2−10.428.1
 Yes1.30.002–4.92.80.001–710.2–1.8−1.3−1.50.8

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