Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2020 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Trends and Factors Associated with Healthcare Utilization for Childhood Diarrhea and Fever in Ethiopia: Further Analysis of the Demographic and Health Surveys from 2000 to 2016

Table 3

Healthcare seeking for childhood fever illness in Ethiopia 2000–2016 by child, parental, and household characteristics.

VariablesCare seeking for fever illnessPercentage difference
20002005201120162000–20052005–20112011–2016
%95% CISign.%95% CISign.%95% CISign.%95% CISign.

Sex of child
 Male14.212.5–15.90.09211.29.0–13.40.24615.913.7–18.8603.12.6–3.60.2583.0−4.712.8
 Female1210.3–13.79.67.5–11.715.213–17.42.62.1–3.12.4−5.612.6
Child age0
 0–119.16.9–110.5381.91.3–2.5<0.0017.2
 12–238.96.6–111.71.1–2.37.2
 24+13.211–15.42.11.7–2.511.1
Birth order0
 1st birth5.83.7–7.9<0.0014.92.4–7.4<0.0017.14.5–9.7<0.0011.20.7–1.8<0.0010.9−2.25.9
 2nd birth5.33.3–7.34.01.5–6.56.03.6–8.41.20.6–1.81.3−24.8
 3rd birth3.82.0–5.63.30.9–5.75.02.7–7.30.80.3–1.30.5−1.74.2
 4th & above11.39.7–12.98.56.6–10.413.111–15.12.52.1–32.8−4.610.6
Total under-five birth0.001
 One birth13.111.3–14.910.78.3–13.10.00115.413–17.70.0033.32.7–3.90.0912.4−4.712.1
 Two births10.18.5–11.77.75.7–9.711.99.8–172.82.2–3.42.4−4.29.1
 3 & above3.11.2–5.02.30.1–4.53.81.6–60.90.3–1.50.8−1.52.9
Mother’s age<0.0010
 <3015.513.7–17.312.510.3–14.70.19019.116.9–210.00132.5–3.5<0.0013−6.616.1
 30+10.79.1–12.38.26.1–10.312.110–14.22.11.7–2.52.5−3.910
Mother’s education<0.001
 No educa.1715.5–18.511.49.6–13.2<0.00117.115.1–19<0.0012.62.2–30.0085.6−5.714.5
 Primary5.43.2–7.65.52.9–8.110.78.2–131.71.2–2.20.1−5.29
 Secondary/higher3.81.0–6.63.90.2–7.63.30.2–6.40.70.3–1.1−0.10.62.6
Husband’s educa.<0.001<0.001
 No educa.13.211.7–14.78.36.5–10.112.110.1–14<.0011.81.4–2.2<0.0014.9−3.810.3
 Primary6.24.4–8.06.74.4–9.012.910.6–152.11.6–2.6−0.5−6.210.8
 Secondary/higher6.84.3–9.35.72.7–8.76.23.3–9.11.2.002–2.61.1−0.55
Exposure to media
 No25.523.9–27.1<0.00116.614.6–18.6<0.00124.417.8–310.0014.238–4.60.1498.9−7.820.2
 Yes0.72.8–4.24.21.2–7.26.74.2–9.20.90.4–1.4−3.5−2.55.8
Antenatal care<.001
 No13.111.614.6<0.0019.88.0–11.6<0.00112.911–14.8<0.0011.71.2–2.23.3−3.111.2
 1–364.0–8.03.51.2–5.87.85.5–102.21.6–2.92.5−4.35.6
 4 and more7.14.7–9.57.54.2–10.810.57.6–13.43.52.8–4.2−0.4−37
Place of delivery<0.001
 Home20.919.4–22.415.914.0–17.8<0.00123.521.6–25<0.0013.63.0–4.2<0.0015−7.619.9
 Health facil.5.32.7–7.94.81.6–8.07.64.7–113.93.1–4.70.5−2.83.7
Desire more child0.0060.599
 No more9.77.8–11.68.46.3–10.59.97.7–120.9671.41.0–1.80.1281.3−1.58.5
 Wants more16.414.8–18.012.310.2–14.421.219–233.83.3–4.34.1−8.917.4
Residence<0.0010
 Rural18.617.1–20.114.512.6–16.4<0.00121.817.5–26<0.0013.53.1–3.90.0074.1−7.318.3
 Urban7.65.1–10.16.22.8–9.69.38.0–111.51.0–2.01.4−3.17.8
Wealth index0
 Poorest2.60.9–4.3<0.0016.64.7–8.5<0.0011.20.8–1.60.015−45.4
 Poorer2.60.8–4.44.32.2–6.40.80.4–1.0−1.73.5
 Middle3.71.6–5.84.42.3–6.50.70.3–1.1−0.73.7
 Richest3.31.2–5.45.73.3–8.10.80.3–1.3−2.44.9
 Richer8.45.3–11.510.17.1–131.61.1–2.1−1.78.5
Postnatal care
 No16.114.1–18.1<0.00125.223.2–270.0116.55.9–7.10.001−9.118.7
 Yes1.80.01–5.32.20.01–510.2–1.8−0.41.2

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.