Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2020 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Trends and Factors Associated with Healthcare Utilization for Childhood Diarrhea and Fever in Ethiopia: Further Analysis of the Demographic and Health Surveys from 2000 to 2016

Table 4

Multivariable logistic regression analyses of factors associated with healthcare seeking for diarrheal illness from the 2000–2016 EDHS.

Variables2000200520112016
AOR95% CIAOR95% CIAOR95% CIAOR95% CI

Total under-five
 11.350.86–2.110.720.44–1.170.740.47–1.180.870.62–1.24
 21.510.99–2.320.730.48–1.110.740.49–1.110.980.71–1.34
 3 and above1.001.001.001.00
Birth order
 1st1.410.90–2.201.250.72–2.171.550.91–2.650.980.68–1.43
 2nd1.090.73–1.631.150.72–1.811.150.75–1.771.050.76–1.45
 3rd0.760.51–1.130.970.62–1.541.010.66–1.530.980.72–1.34
 4th and above1.001.001.001.00
Media exposure
 No0.140.03–0.670.860.52–1.440.610.41–0.920.870.64–1.18
 Yes1.001.001.001.00
Desire to have more child
 Wants no more children0.920.68–1.241.280.92–1.780.840.60–1.171.311.04–1.65
 Wants more children1.001.001.001.00
Mother’s age
 Less than 301.401.01–1.941.471.01–2.131.080.76–1.521.190.92–1.53
 30 and above1.001.001.001.00
Region
 Tigray1.930.73–5.060.210.05–0.892.370.99–14.131.370.74–0.53
 Afar2.430.86–7.120.230.05–1.071.920.33–11.292.241.17–4.28
 Amhara3.871.55–9.620.590.14–2.242.020.34–11.951.340.70–2.58
 Oromia4.882.04–11.690.370.10–1.452.820.48–16.571.390.74–2.60
 Somali15.095.83–39.020.320.07–1.522.150.36–12.701.110.57–2.19
 Ben-Gumuz7.783.08–19.650.560.14–2.266.731.14–39.631.2060.63–2.33
 SNNPR5.322.22–12.770.310.08–1.202.340.40–13.571.630.88–3.02
 Gambella6.892.78–17.080.520.12–2.295.250.87–31.491.911.01–3.61
 Harari3.761.51–9.330.250.06–1.052.740.44–17.111.240.64–2.40
 Dire Dawa3.671.43–9.430.270.06–1.251.560.23–10.481.880.99–3.54
 Addis Ababa1.001.001.001.00
Residence
 Urban2.291.45–3.620.550.26–1.171.580.87–2.870.950.63–1.42
 Rural1.001.001.001.00
Wealth index
 Poorest0.400.21–0.770.320.16–0.620.760.47–1.22
 Poorer0.550.30–1.010.620.31–1.230.820.52–1.32
 Middle0.810.46–1.430.700.36–1.350.990.63–1.59
 Richest0.740.43–1.280.570.30–1.081.100.70–1.71
 Richer1.001.001.00
Sex of child
 Male1.591.25–2.0240.980.74–1.300.840.40–1.101.110.92–1.34
 Female1.001.001.001.00
Mother’s work status
 Not working0.910.70–1.080.900.65–1.251.2170.91–1.620.890.71–1.10
 Working1.001.001.001.00
Antenatal care visits
 No ANC0.680.44–1.040.820.49–1.360.600.39–0.940.650.47–0.90
 1–30.900.58–1.390.870.50–1.510.730.47–1.140.8540.68–1.08
 4 and above1.001.001.001.00
Information about oral rehydration salt
 No0.490.30–0.580.250.18–0.350.330.23–0.470.530.40–0.70
 Yes1.001.001.001.00
Husband’s education
 No education1.310.80–2.151.140.65–1.990.960.53–1.740.640.46–0.89
 Primary1.450.90–2.361.060.61–1.850.930.52–1.650.770.58–1.03
 Secondary/higher1.001.001.001.00
Mother’s education
 No education0.890.44–1.790.600.20–1.821.140.38–3.441.540.02–2.34
 Primary0.830.42–1.650.630.20–1.920.850.29–2.511.660.15–2.39
 Secondary/higher1.001.001.001.00
Postnatal care
 No0.610.28–1.320.530.29–0.970.790.58–1.06
 Yes1.001.001.00

Significant value <0.05.

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