Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2021 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Does Timing of Antenatal Care Initiation and the Contents of Care Have Effect on Caesarean Delivery in Ethiopia? Findings from Demographic and Health Survey

Table 4

Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression

VariableCaesarean deliveryModel 1Model 2Model 3
NoYesCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)

Timing of antenatal care
Early2311 (48.6%)31 (0.7%)4.56 (2.5–8.2)2.74 (1.49–6.2)
Late2277 (47.7%)138 (2.9%)11

Received contents of care
Yes20291132.54 (1.6–3.97)1.98 (1.24–3.78)
No25595611

Birth order
One1048 (22%)70 (1.5%)6.43 (2.8–11.8)4.33 (0.72–8.6)
Two to four2000 (42%)84 (1.8%)3.2 (1.87–7.32)2.97 (0.6–5.2)
Five and more1540 (32.4%)15 (0.3%)11
Parity
Primipara1048 (22%)71 (1.5%)2.43 (1.76–3.92)2.13 (1.5–3.72)
Multipara3540 (74.4%)98 (2.1%)11

Educational status of the mother
No education2532 (53.2%)37 (0.8%)11
Primary1519 (31.9%)55 (1.2%)2.54 (1.34–4.67)0.98 (0.67–3.7)
Secondary and above537 (11.3%)77 (1.6%)9.79 (5.43–17.65)1.25 (0.47–2.74)

Wealth index
Poorer924 (19.4%)12 (0.2%)0.88 (0.25–3.16)0.91 (0.62–3.45)
Poorest780 (16.4%)11 (0.2%)11
Middle977 (20.5%)16 (0.3%)1.15 (0.4–3.38)1.34 (0.67–4.8)
Richer950 (20%)15 (0.3%)1.12 (0.36–3.43)0.75 (0.12–1.94)
Richest957 (20.1%)15 (2.4%)8.41 (3.54–19.98)1.54 (0.85–3.87)

Residence
Rural3830 (80.5%)57 (1.2%)11
Urban758 (15.9%)112 (2.3%)7.21 (4.7–10.23)4.78 (2.8–8.75)

Number of antenatal care visits
≤4 visits3433 (72.17%)103 (2.17%)11
>4 visits1023 (21.5%)198 (4.16%)6.45 (2.5–9.2)2.85 (1.38–5.73)

The variable is significant with a p value of less than 0.05.

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