Research Article | Open Access
Mechanical Model of Traditional Thai Massage for Integrated Healthcare
In this study, a mechanical model was developed, aiming to provide standardized and programmable traditional Thai massage (TTM) therapy to patients. The TTM was modeled and integrated into a mechanical hand (MH) system, and a prototype massage chair was built and tested for user satisfaction. Three fundamental principles of Thai massage were integrated: pull, press, and pin. Based on these principles, the mechanics of Thai massage was studied and a mathematical model was developed to describe the dynamics and conditions for the design and prototyping of an MH. On average, it was found that users were satisfied with the treatment and felt that the treatment was similar to that performed by human hands. According to the interview results, users indicated that they were likely to utilize the MH as an alternative to traditional massage. Therefore, integrated TTM with an MH may help healthcare providers deliver standardized, programmable massage therapy to patients as opposed to variable, inconsistent human massage.
- Uraiwon Chatchawan, Bandit Thinkhamrop, Sarnerduen Khamwan, Jacqueline Knowles, and Wichai Eungpinichpong, “Effectiveness of traditional Thai massage versus Swedish massage among patients with back pain associated with myofascial trigger points,” Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 298–309, 2005.
- Vitsarut Buttagat, Wichai Eungpinichpong, David Kaber, Uraiwon Chatchawan, and Preeda Arayawichanon, “Acute effects of traditional Thai massage on electroencephalogram in patients with scapulocostal syndrome,” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 167–174, 2012.
- Vitsarut Buttagat, Wichai Eungpinichpong, Uraiwon Chatchawan, and Preeda Arayawichanon, “Therapeutic effects of traditional Thai massage on pain, muscle tension and anxiety in patients with scapulocostal syndrome: A randomized single-blinded pilot study,” Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 57–63, 2012.
- Vitsarut Buttagat, Wichai Eungpinichpong, Uraiwon Chatchawan, and Samerduen Kharmwan, “The immediate effects of traditional Thai massage on heart rate variability and stress-related parameters in patients with back pain associated with myofascial trigger points,” Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 15–23, 2011.
- Lucinda Lidell, Sara Thomas, Carola Beresford Cooke, and Anthony Porter, The Book of Massage, 26-27, Gaia Books Limited, London, 1984.
- J. Norman Marcus MD, J. Edward Gracely PhD, and O. Kelly Keefe, “A Comprehensive Protocol to Diagnose and Treat Pain of Muscular Origin May Successfully and Reliably Decrease or Eliminate Pain in a Chronic Pain Population,” Pain Medicine, vol. 11, pp. 25–34, 2010.
- Sritoomma Netchanok, Moyle Wendy, Cooke Marie, and O’Dwyer Siobhan, “The effectiveness of Swedish massage and traditional Thai massage in treating chronic low back pain: A review of the literature,” Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 227–234, 2012.
- Phennapha Sapcharoen and Sombun Kiatinann, “The efficacy and satisfaction of clients getting Thai traditional massage at the Institute of Thai Traditional Medicine,” Thailand Institute of Traditional Medicine and Alternative Medicine, Ministry of Public Health, Ministry of Public Health. B.E, pp. 1–4, 2003.
- Tawee Laohapand and Uapong Jaturatamrong, Thai Traditional Medicine in the Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Ayurved Thamrong School. Center of Applied Thai Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University. Supavanich Press, Bangkok, 2009, 23.
- Kanthima Sitthithankit and Phonthip Toemwiset, Guide of Thai Traditional Medicine for Public Health, Thailand Department of Developmental and Alternative Medicine, Ministry of Public Health, The War Veterans Organization of Thailand, Bangkok, 2004, 111-113.
- Phennapha Sapcharoen and Kanchana Tiwiset, Museum and Traditional Medicine Training Center Thailand, The Institute of Thai Traditional Medicine. Thailand Department of Developmental and Alternative Medicine. Ministry of Public Health. The War Veterans Organization of Thailand, Bangkok. 2003, 106-108.
- Pongjan Yoopat, Christophe Maes, Stefaan Poriau, and Kamiel Vanwonterghem, “Thai tradition massage: Efficiency-assessment of three traditional massage method on office workers: An explorative study,” Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, pp. 1–7, 2014.
- Sunee Saetung, La-or Chailurkit, and Boonsong Ongphiphadhanakul, “Thai traditional massage increases biochemical markers of bone formation in postmenopausal women: a randomized crossover trial,” BMC Complementary & Alternative Medicine, pp. 13–69, 2013.
- Tawee Laohapand and Uapong Jaturatamrong, Thai Traditional Medicine in the Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital. Ayurved Thamrong School, Center of Applied Thai Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Supavanich Press, Bangkok, 2014.
- Salinee Rattanaphan and Panya Srichandr, “Engineering the human touch: mimicking the art of Thai massage,” International Journal of Design and Manufacturing Technology, vol. 3, no. 1, p. 34, 2012.
- “Medical Rehabilitation Foundation promotes Thailand’s original Ayurvedic School: Thailand Traditional Therapeutic Massage (Massage Courts),” Ganesha FDK Center Co., Ltd., Bangkok, 2005, 23.
- Phennapha Sapcharoen, Aphichat Limtiyayothin, and Ubolratana Manosin, Royal Thai Massage Training Manual. Thai Traditional Medicine Development Foundation, Thailand. Sam Cha Roen Panich Bangkok Co., Ltd., 2006, 25.
- “VisiLogicTM Ladder Programming: Software Manual, V230-21-G23 Rev: 12/04,” Accessed January 2015 http://d1.cie.put.poznan.pl/dav/zietkiew/VisiLogic_Software_Manual-Ladder.pdf.
- Aydin Tözeren, “Human Body Dynamics Classical Mechanics and Human Movement,” Springer Science & Business Media, 2000.
Copyright © 2015 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.