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Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4574172, 9 pages
Review Article

Recent Development of Augmented Reality in Surgery: A Review

1Department of Surgery, University Hospital Ostrava, 17. Listopadu 1790, 708 52 Ostrava, Czech Republic
2Faculty of Medicine, University of Ostrava, Syllabova 19, 703 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic
3Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Technical University of Ostrava, 17. Listopadu 15/2172, 708 33 Ostrava, Czech Republic
4Department of Surgery & Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, UK
5Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Chamblion Street, El Azareeta, Alexandria Governorate, Egypt

Correspondence should be addressed to J. Roman

Received 12 February 2017; Accepted 3 July 2017; Published 21 August 2017

Academic Editor: Md. A. R. Ahad

Copyright © 2017 P. Vávra et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. The development augmented reality devices allow physicians to incorporate data visualization into diagnostic and treatment procedures to improve work efficiency, safety, and cost and to enhance surgical training. However, the awareness of possibilities of augmented reality is generally low. This review evaluates whether augmented reality can presently improve the results of surgical procedures. Methods. We performed a review of available literature dating from 2010 to November 2016 by searching PubMed and Scopus using the terms “augmented reality” and “surgery.” Results. The initial search yielded 808 studies. After removing duplicates and including only journal articles, a total of 417 studies were identified. By reading of abstracts, 91 relevant studies were chosen to be included. 11 references were gathered by cross-referencing. A total of 102 studies were included in this review. Conclusions. The present literature suggest an increasing interest of surgeons regarding employing augmented reality into surgery leading to improved safety and efficacy of surgical procedures. Many studies showed that the performance of newly devised augmented reality systems is comparable to traditional techniques. However, several problems need to be addressed before augmented reality is implemented into the routine practice.