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Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 4728187, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4728187
Research Article

Realization of a CORDIC-Based Plug-In Accelerometer Module for PSG System in Head Position Monitoring for OSAS Patients

1Department of Electrical Engineering, Center for Biomedical Engineering, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
2Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
3Department of Electrical Engineering, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
4Department of Chest Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
5Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City, Taiwan
6Graduate Institute of Medical Mechatronics, Center for Biomedical Engineering, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Correspondence should be addressed to Ming-Yih Lee; wt.ude.ugc.liam@yimeel

Received 7 April 2017; Revised 29 June 2017; Accepted 4 July 2017; Published 20 August 2017

Academic Editor: Yi-Hung Liu

Copyright © 2017 Wen-Yen Lin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Overnight polysomnography (PSG) is currently the standard diagnostic procedure for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). It has been known that monitoring of head position in sleep is crucial not only for the diagnosis (positional sleep apnea) but also for the management of OSA (positional therapy). However, there are no sensor systems available clinically to hook up with PSG for accurate head position monitoring. In this paper, an accelerometer-based sensing system for accurate head position monitoring is developed and realized. The core CORDIC- (COordinate Rotation DIgital Computer-) based tilting sensing algorithm is realized in the system to quickly and accurately convert accelerometer raw data into the desired head position tilting angles. The system can hook up with PSG devices for diagnosis to have head position information integrated with other PSG-monitored signals. It has been applied in an IRB test in Taipei Veterans General Hospital and has been proved that it can meet the medical needs of accurate head position monitoring for PSG diagnosis.