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Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 1297396, 9 pages
Research Article

Demand and Financial Constraints in Eliminating Architectural and Technical Barriers for People with Disabilities in Poland

Department of Spatial Economy, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Wrocław, Poland

Correspondence should be addressed to Maria Hełdak

Received 14 July 2017; Revised 21 November 2017; Accepted 12 December 2017; Published 19 February 2018

Academic Editor: Emiliano Schena

Copyright © 2018 Maria Hełdak et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of the study is to analyse the availability of financial resources for people with disabilities and to assess the needs satisfaction level of the disabled in order to eliminate architectural and technical barriers in Poland. The research conducted among the disabled affected by physical disability indicates that mobility barriers and obstacles remain among the most important problems encountered by people with disabilities. The research has shown that the problem of barriers increases with age. The elimination of architectural barriers requires, each time, higher financial expenditure, whereas the elimination of technical barriers improves the life quality of people with disabilities at low financial outlays. The average funding in Poland amounted to PLN 827.53 in 2016, including the funding of EUR 1453.60 for the elimination of architectural barriers and approx. EUR 582 for the removal of technical barriers. The financial resources allocated for this purpose do not cover the actual needs of the people with disabilities. The analysis revealed that the demand for investment in the elimination of barriers is increasing with age, whereas the expenditure of the Polish state is decreasing.