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Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 1536316, 9 pages
Research Article

A Mobile Multimedia Reminiscence Therapy Application to Reduce Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms in Persons with Alzheimer’s

1George Washington Medical School, Washington, DC, USA
2Computer Science Department, University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA
3University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN, USA
4Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Arshia Khan; ude.nmu.d@nahka

Received 4 August 2017; Accepted 2 January 2018; Published 21 March 2018

Academic Editor: Denise Ferebee

Copyright © 2018 Danish Imtiaz et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The goal of this project is to develop a novel and innovative mobile solution to address behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) that occur in individuals with Alzheimer’s. BPSD can include agitation, restlessness, aggression, apathy, obsessive-compulsive and repetitive behaviors, hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and wandering. Alzheimer’s currently affects 5.4 million adults in the United States and that number is projected to increase to 14 million by 2050. Almost 90% of all affected with AD experience BPSD, resulting in increased healthcare costs, heavier burden on caregivers, poor patient outcomes, early nursing home placement, long-term hospitalizations, and misuse of medications. Pharmacological support may have undesirable side effects such as sedation. Nonpharmacological interventions are alternative solutions that have shown to be effective without undesirable side effects. Music therapy has been found to lower BPSD symptoms significantly. Our study is based on combination of the reminiscence and the music therapies where past memorable events are recalled using prompts such as photos, videos, and music. We are proposing a mobile multimedia solution, a technical version of the combined reminiscence, and music therapies to prevent the occurrence of BPSD, especially for the rural population who have reduced access to dementia care services.