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Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 1674931, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1674931
Research Article

Impact of Fitness Status on the Optically Measured Hemodynamic Indexes

1Chita State Medical Academy, Chita, Russia
2Innovative Clinic “Health Academy”, Chita, Russia
3Elfi-Tech Ltd., 2 Prof. Bergman St., Science Park, Rehovot, Israel

Correspondence should be addressed to I. Fine; moc.hcet-ifle@enifayli

Received 11 July 2017; Revised 4 October 2017; Accepted 17 October 2017; Published 9 January 2018

Academic Editor: Onur Ferhanoglu

Copyright © 2018 B. I. Kuznik et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The physiological characteristics of skin blood flow can be described in terms of the hemodynamic indices (HI). The HI is derived from the laser speckle characteristics, which are governed by the cutaneous blood flow. A miniaturized dynamic light-scattering sensor was used to measure the speckle pattern from the finger root. Three groups of subjects from 15 to 25 years of age were tested. The first group included subjects who are actively engaged in sport activities; the second group included subjects with low level of physical activity; and the third group included healthy controls with moderate physical activity. The HI parameters were measured prior to and after the performance of a determined physical load. As a marker of cardiovascular fitness (CVF), we used the postload decay rate of HI. We found that the hemodynamic response to the physical load provides a statistically significant correlation with the postload heart rate decay. It was also found that postocclusion increase of the arterial HI is more prominent in the group with higher physical activity. These results indicate that hemodynamic indices can be used as an additional marker for cardiovascular fitness level.