Journal of Healthcare Engineering / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Effects of Ankle Joint Motion on Pelvis-Hip Biomechanics and Muscle Activity Patterns of Healthy Individuals in Knee Immobilization Gait

Table 1

Mean (SD) of joint angles that were significantly different () or that approached significance in average or range during a phase of gait.

Joint motionPhaseQuantityKAIKI value

Ankle dorsi/plantar flexionDS1RNG1.81 (0.93)10.21 (8.65)0.026
SSTRNG3.89 (1.86)18.40 (7.71)<0.001
DS2AVG2.38 (2.00)9.88 (8.43)0.028
SWRNG2.05 (0.78)13.30 (2.06)<0.001
Ankle inversion/eversionDS1AVG−0.09 (2.15)−0.96 (4.59)0.042
RNG0.21 (1.49)1.64 (3.65)0.030
SSTRNG0.68 (2.73)2.25 (4.13)<0.001
DS2RNG1.15 (1.57)2.00 (6.93)0.025
SWRNG0.56 (2.06)2.68 (4.06)<0.001
Pelvis tiltDS1RNG1.80 (0.74)0.83 (0.38)0.006
SSTAVG7.51 (3.16)6.15 (3.75)0.044
Hip adduction/abductionDS2RNG2.75 (2.38)1.96 (2.60)0.015

DS1, the first double support; SST, single support; DS2, the second double support; SW, swing phase; AVG, average; RNG, range.