Wearable devices are gradually entering the medical health field. Medical Internet of Things (IoT) has been widely used in all walks of medical health. With the complexity of medical health application scenarios, the medical IoT communication networks face complex environments. The secure communication issue is very important for medical IoT communication networks. This paper investigates the secrecy performance of medical IoT communication networks. To improve the secrecy performance, we adopt a cooperative communication strategy. We also use the average secrecy capacity (ASC) as a metric, and the expressions are first derived. Then, a secrecy performance intelligent prediction algorithm is proposed. The extensive simulations are used to verify the proposed method. Compared with other methods, the proposed algorithm realizes a better prediction precision.

1. Introduction

With explosive growth of medical health applications, the fifth-generation (5G) mobile communication has been widely used in medical Internet of Things (IoT) networks [1, 2]. Different 5G applications [35] widely appear in medical IoT communication networks, which can provide quick and convenient user experience and services [6]. However, due to the medical user mobility, the secure communication issue of medical IoT networks is facing many challenges [7].

For medical IoT communication networks, physical layer security is becoming more and more important [8]. With an eavesdropper, the authors [9] investigated the impact of antenna correlation. In [10], the authors developed a code scrambling scheme and analyzed secrecy performance. Considering the physical layer security, Yan et al. [11] studied the resource allocation problem for the cognitive relay networks. In [12], the authors proposed an optimal power allocation to achieve the secure transmission. Considering the cooperative jamming, Lu et al. [13] proposed a secure transmission scheme.

However, analyzing and predicting mobile secrecy performance are very difficult. Recently, machine learning techniques are applied in 5G wireless communications [14, 15]. In pattern classification, classifying the binary data was realized by the support vector machine (SVM) model in [16]. The extreme learning machine (ELM) model was proposed to detect anomaly states in [17]. In [18], the general regression (GR) model predicted the video transmission quality.

To date, no existing studies have considered the secrecy performance prediction of AF relaying medical IoT communication networks. As a consequence, we summarize the main contributions as follows:(1)The secrecy performance is analyzed with AF relaying scheme. Then, we use the average secrecy capacity (ASC) to evaluate secrecy performance and derive the exact expressions.(2)To realize real-time analysis of ASC, we propose an ASC prediction algorithm based on the BP network. ELM, SVM, and GR methods are examined and compared with the proposed method.(3)We verify the derived ASC results under different conditions. Compared with different methods, the proposed algorithm realizes a better prediction precision and a lower time complexity.

2. The Medical IoT Communication Network Model

In Figure 1, the medical IoT communication networks have a mobile source (MS), mobile eavesdropper (ME), mobile destination (MD), and mobile relay (MR). WSR, WRD, and WRE are the relative geometrical gains of MS ⟶ MR, MR ⟶ MD, and MR ⟶ ME links, respectively.

Transmission power is E, which is allocated by K. 2-Rayleigh distribution can express the channel coefficient h [19].

Firstly, MR receives the signal rSR as [20]where nSR is Gaussian noise.

In the second time slot, AF is used at MR. MD and ME receive the signals rRki, k∈{D, E}, as

The received SNRγSRki is given aswhere

γSRk is hard to calculate exactly. We approximate γSRki as [21]

With the help of [22], the PDF and CDF of γSRAk are as follows:where

The instantaneous secrecy capacity is given as [23]

3. Average Secrecy Capacity

The ASC is derived as

A1 is given as

We obtain the A2 as

We obtain the A3 as

Next, we use the derived ASC expressions to set up the data sets and design the BP prediction model.

4. Secrecy Performance Prediction Method

4.1. Data Sets

Ti =(Xi, yi). Xi is given as

Xi includes 5 indicators, which are WSR, WRD, WRE, K, and . The ASC performance is the output yi. By using (13), it can obtain the corresponding yi.

4.2. Network Structure

Figure 2 shows the BP structure [24].

4.3. Metrics

Two metrics are MSE and AE. For PP testing data, they are given as

5. Simulation Analysis

Here, E = 1, and μ = WRD/WRE (in decibels).

For different channels, we evaluate the ASC performance with = 10 dB in Figure 3. The parameters are given in Table 1. The following observations can be made: (1) increasing μ improves the ASC performance; (2) the 2-Rayleigh model can obtain the best ASC performance among the three channels.

In Figures 413, we consider SVM, ELM, GR, and RBF [25] methods to compare with the BP network. Table 2 gives the simulation parameters. The MSE and AE of BP are 0.000232889 and 0.04324, which are the lowest MSE and AE in the five methods. This is because BP has the ability to adapt to the time-varying characteristics and enhance the global stability. It has more computing power than other four methods and can be used to solve the rapid optimization problem.

6. Conclusion

An AF relaying scheme was used to improve the ASC performance of medical IoT communication networks in this paper. The ASC expressions were derived. Furthermore, we proposed an intelligent prediction algorithm based on the BP network. The simulation results show that (1) as the u increases, the system’s ASC performance becomes better and (2) compared with SVM, ELM, GR, and RBF methods, the proposed BP algorithm can obtain a better MSE and AE.

Data Availability

The data used to support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request and with permission of funders.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 11664043).