Journal of Immunology Research

Journal of Immunology Research / 1993 / Article

Open Access

Volume 3 |Article ID 063626 |

Laura Haynes, Nicholas Cohen, "Transforming Growth Factor Beta (TGFβ) Is Produced by and Influences the Proliferative Response of Xenopus laevis Lymphocytes", Journal of Immunology Research, vol. 3, Article ID 063626, 8 pages, 1993.

Transforming Growth Factor Beta (TGFβ) Is Produced by and Influences the Proliferative Response of Xenopus laevis Lymphocytes

Received27 Mar 1993


Both TGF/β2 and 5 have been described in the South African clawed frog Xenopus laevis and have been cloned from the tadpole-derived fibroblast cell line, XTC. Because TGFβ has such a profound inhibitory effect on the mammalian immune system, this study was performed to determine whether TGFβ: (a) has any in vitro effects on the growth of Xenopus lymphoblasts, and (b) is produced by mitogen-activated Xenopus lymphocytes.Following stimulation with mitogen or alloantigen, T lymphocytes from Xenopus secrete a T-cell growth factor (TCGF) that is functionally homologous to mammalian interleukin-2 (IL-2). Both recombinant human TGFβ1 and Xenopus TGFβ5 inhibit TCGF-induced proliferation of Xenopus splenic blasts and this inhibition can be reversed with anti-pan TGFβ antiserum. The Xenopus mitogen-induced saturated ammonium sulfate precipitated TCGF-containing supernatant (SAS TCGF SN) also contains latent TGFβ as assayed on mink lung fibroblasts and Xenopus splenic blasts, and experiments utilizing anti-TGFβ antiserum showed that only TGFβ5 is present in this supernatant.

Copyright © 1993 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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