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Developmental Immunology
Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 231-238

Further Characterization of an Interleukin-2-1Ike Cytokine Produced by Xenopus Laevis T Lymphocytes

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, USA

Received 19 January 1993; Accepted 7 April 1993

Copyright © 1993 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A T-cell growth factor (TCGF) is produced by antigen- or mitogen-stimulated T lymphocytes from the South African clawed frog Xenopus laevis. This study further defines the physical and biological properties of this cytokine and demonstrates that TCGF is biochemically similar to mammalian interleukin-2 (IL-2). Biologically active TCGF eluted from SDS-PAGE displays a Mr of 16 kD and lectin-affinity chromatography indicates that the three-dimensionmal configuration of carbohydrates on TCGF and human IL-2 is similar. Secretion of TCGF is detectable 1 day after stimulation of splenocytes with the T-cell mitogen phytohemagglutinin (PHA) and peaks following 2 to 3 days of stimulation. Finally, despite the biological and physical similarities between Xenopus TCGF and mammalian IL-2, anti-human IL-2 monoclonal antibodies do not recognize Xenopus TCGF.